For a long time, pears were among the fruit trees recommended for growing in regions with warm climates. In the east of the country and in Siberia, only wild species were found. However, breeders did not abandon their attempts to obtain pear varieties that were zoned for these regions. And at the beginning of the last century, as a result of many years of hard work, the Far Eastern breeder AM Lukashov finally managed to breed a group of cultivated pear varieties, which later became known as “Lukashovka”. The largest of these varieties is the Tema pear. This variety has not lost its popularity to this day. At present, the theme pear can be found not only in Primorye, Siberia and the Far East, but also in Altai, as well as in the Trans-Urals. About why gardeners are so fond of the pear variety Tema, we will tell further.
Pear Topic: variety description and characteristics
Pear Theme: photo variety
The pear variety Tema appeared as a result of crossing the Ussuri pear, which belongs to the wild species common in the Far East, Siberia, and the cultivated pear "Finland Yellow". The pear variety Tema is characterized as very winter-hardy and fire-resistant. In addition, gardeners note the good tolerance of both waterlogging and short-term drought.
The pear tree Tema is quite large, it is distinguished by high growth and a wide, spreading rounded pyramidal crown. The crown density is average.
The branches of the Tema pear have a whorled arrangement, branching off from the trunk, forming an acute angle. The bark of the trunk and skeletal branches is brown and flaky. Pear Leaves A rounded theme with a pointed tip and jagged edges. The top of the leaf plate is dark green with a slight gloss, and the bottom has a lighter color, rough texture and slight pubescence that runs along the central vein. Fruit buds are formed on annual shoots, arranged in the form of ringlets or rings. The flowers are white, medium in size.
Pear Tema is one of the self-fertile varieties. As pollinators for pears Tema, experts recommend planting next to such varieties as “Palmyra"," Fields "and"Olga". Fruiting begins no earlier than 3 years after vaccination. And in full force, the pear tree Tema bears fruit from the age of 6. The yield of the Tema pear variety, on average, is from 30 kg per tree. At the stage of active fruiting, the weight of one fruit does not exceed 130 grams. But young pears of the Tema variety are capable of producing fruits, the weight of which can reach up to 200 grams. The maximum weight observed for this pear variety was 400 grams. In shape, the fruits are broadly pear-shaped, asymmetrical, with a light yellow color. Those fruits that are facing the sun also have a red barrel. The peduncle is thick and long, slightly curved. The skin is slightly rough with a lot of subcutaneous spots. The pulp is light, not too dense, juicy and very aromatic. The fruits are universal, that is, they are suitable both for fresh consumption and for use in conservation. The content of sugars is 10-11%, tannins and pectin - less than 1%, ascorbic acids are contained in a volume of 19 mg per 100 grams.
The ripening time of the pear depends on the region of growth. For example, in the Trans-Urals and regions with a mild climate, crops can be harvested at the end of August, and in Primorye, the Far East and Siberia - not earlier than the second decade of September. It is important not to miss the moment of ripening of the Tema pear, since this variety is characterized by rapid shedding.The full taste of pears is felt 3-4 days after picking. Under natural conditions, the harvested crop retains its quality for up to 3 weeks, and in the case of storage of fruits in rooms with an artificial climate - up to 2 months.
Pear Theme: Growing and Care
One of the reasons for the popularity of the Tema pear variety is undemanding to growing conditions and ease of care.
Pear Tema grows well on different types of soil. The tree tolerates irregular watering and short-term stagnation of moisture well. The only prerequisite is to plant a pear on a hill, since it may freeze in the lowlands.
Pear Care The topic includes regular tree feeding, annual sanitary pruning, preventive measures aimed at preventing the appearance of insects - pests and diseases.
The pear of the Tema variety did not bypass the diseases characteristic of this fruit crop.
In the fight against fruit rot, bacterial burns, powdery mildew and rust, depending on the stage and area of the lesion, drugs of chemical and biological origin are used. Do not forget about maintaining the cleanliness of the trunk circle. The soil must be regularly loosened, weeds and fallen leaves must be removed, where pathogens of various diseases can often be found.
Of the insect pests, pear tree plantings are most often attacked moths and moths. If they are not detected in time and measures are not taken, these pests can completely deprive you of your harvest. To destroy pests, you will have to resort to drugs - insecticides. And in order to prevent their appearance, one should not neglect such preventive measures as: removal of the old bark; removing the fruits left on the tree after harvesting, as well as collecting carrion; digging the soil of the trunk circle in the autumn period; use of trapping belts.
Pear Theme: reviews of the variety
Mikhail Alexandrovich, Samara region: “Having read positive reviews about the pear variety Tema, I decided to grow it on my site. However, in fact, I cannot say that this is the best pear variety. The taste is rather mediocre, and the fruits are not stored for too long, so they must either be eaten faster or processed immediately. "
Kristina Viktorovna, Krasnodar Territory: “Pear Tema - rightfully deserves the title of the most stable variety in terms of yield and size of fruits. Never let me down, even in spite of the cold summer. In general, as it turned out, the pear variety Tema is resistant to any unfavorable conditions, which may allow it to be grown even in regions with a harsh climate. "