Pear Orlovskaya Summer
You probably know that all pear trees are divided into three groups: those that ripen in summer, autumn and even winter (summer, autumn and winter, respectively). However, the largest of these three groups has always been and always will be summer. This article is written about one of its representatives, which is called Orlovskaya Summer pear.
We will tell you not only general information about this variety, but also how to properly care for it, as well as what difficulties you may encounter in the process. By the way, this variety is one of the most popular and most common among all summer pears, since it is distinguished by its outstanding fertility, which it shows regularly, but only with good care. In addition, it should be noted how tasty and beautiful the fruits of this variety are. A huge number of other varieties can envy their commercial qualities.
Well, and, of course, one of the most important qualities of this variety, which is especially important, given that we live in a rather cold and inhospitable country for any crops, is its frost resistance, and therefore you should not worry about whether this pear winter.
Pear Orlovskaya Summer: classification
This item will be especially interesting for those who are fond of breeding science. The fact is that this pear is a triploid hybrid. You may have already guessed what this means. Triploid hybrids are hybrid compounds based on three plant species.
From this we draw a simple conclusion: this pear variety was bred with the help of three others, which means that it has absorbed all their advantages and strengths. In addition, if we talk about statistics in general, one cannot fail to mention the fact that good triploid varieties differ from their relatives, which are based on fewer original species, in that they produce significantly more, much tastier fruits.
Also, we must not forget that these hybrid varieties absorb not only the taste, but also the immune qualities of their three parents, and therefore such trees are provided with excellent protection against all kinds of fungal and bacterial infections. Considering all of the above factors, it is not surprising that most breeders argue that triploid pear varieties, and in particular Orlovskaya Letnaya, are ideal for growing on an industrial scale.
Pear variety Orlovskaya Summer - information
First of all, it should be mentioned what has already been mentioned: Orlovskaya Letnyaya is a variety that ripens in summer, and even somewhat earlier than a huge number of other summer varieties. Nevertheless, along with the advantages of early summer varieties, this pear also inherited their disadvantage: an extremely short shelf life or, as experienced gardeners call it, a short shelf life.
If you want to eat a pear raw, then it is undesirable to store it for more than ten days, or even a week. After this period, the fruits will begin to lose their taste. However, such a short keeping quality is perhaps the only fairly large drawback of this pear variety.
Otherwise, it remains a very prolific, cold-resistant, healthy, and therefore incredibly popular variety.Also, if we are already talking about the merits, we cannot fail to mention that this particular pear variety occupies a leading position in the size and weight of fruits.
This is one of the reasons why the Orlovskaya Summer pear is loved not only by amateur gardeners, but also by traders who make their living with its giant fruits from season to season.
In fact, this variety is quite young. However, among the most popular and leading varieties of pears, it is quite difficult to find those that would be more than fifty years old. Pear Orlovskaya Summer is no exception to this rule, since it was bred in one thousand nine hundred and seventy-seven, and the house where this variety was born is the All-Russian Institute for the Selection of Fruit Crops.
It is not hard to guess that the location of this institute, which gave us such a wonderful variety, is the Oryol region. Perhaps you would like to hear the name of a scientist who did not sleep day and night to develop such a wonderful variety, but in fact, it was far from one person's work.
A whole group of highly qualified specialists worked on the Orlovskaya Letnyaya variety. Nevertheless, the project, of course, had a leader, one of the most renowned and extremely gifted breeders of all time, who earned the title of Doctor of Agricultural Sciences - Yevgeny Sedov.
The purpose of obtaining this variety was to create a pear that will not only be remarkably adapted to the harsh conditions of our country, but also be able to give birth to truly huge fruits, with which no one can compete in their massiveness.
As a result, two main types of pears were crossed, which transferred their qualities to the hybrid, as well as one auxiliary. Thus pears called Bergamot Novik and Clapp's Favorite thanks to scientists, they gave us a wonderful and to this day recognized variety Orlovskaya Letnyaya.
In addition, in the near future after the breeding of the variety, it was entered into the state register of varieties. However, the variety certainly took time to gain popularity. However, its creators counted on the fact that this time would not be so long.
At first, the Orlovskaya Summer pear was not recognized at all as a plant that could be suitable for obtaining fruits on a truly industrial scale, and therefore it was really popular only in small areas of gardeners.
Nevertheless, as we understand, time does not stand still, and therefore, over the past twenty to ten years, the Orlovskaya Summer pear has begun to gain momentum at a tremendous speed and acquire great importance not only for amateur gardeners, but also for professionals.
That is why, when you want to buy a pear in a store or on the market, you will inevitably come across this variety, since its distribution is especially rapidly growing among merchants.
Oryol Summer pear: description of the plant
In almost all its aspects, this pear variety is somewhat different from others, and therefore we decided to tell you in as much detail as possible about all the features of both the pear tree and its fruits.
Description of the tree
Speaking about the average values, it is impossible not to notice that the Orlovskaya Letnaya pear variety is much higher in height than the average pear tree. Nevertheless, the plant still remains quite soft: its bark is not at all rough and has a rather pale gray-greenish coloration.
As for the crown, it is almost flawless. First of all, of course, it should be said that it is extremely wide and lush, and therefore can accommodate a huge amount of fruits. We must not forget that it forms an almost completely regular pyramidal shape, which allows the leaves of the plant to be as energy efficient as possible.Not a single leaf participates in the process of photosynthesis less than others.
The top of the crown is formed by branches that are much more curved than the rest. However, this does not prevent the entire crown from being evenly thickened from the bottom to the very top. Most of the branches grow at right angles to the trunk. However, it is very common to see those that grow at an angle. This angle is most often equal to forty-five degrees, and the bark, which covers absolutely all the branches, is no different from the bark of the trunk: it has a very smooth texture and a green-gray tint.
The shoots are quite thick, but with absolutely round cuts. On a large number of pear trees, shoots are formed with slight pubescence. However, it is not observed on the shoots of this pear variety. Speaking about the rest of the characteristics of the shoots, it should be noted that they have a significantly more brownish tint than the rest of the tree.
Also on the shoots you can find small buds of exactly the same color. They are very tightly pressed to the shoots, but this does not in any way prevent them from forming flowers normally, which in the future will turn into fruits.
In fact, the pear is the plant that absolutely cannot boast of the impressive size of its leaves. Nevertheless, this pear variety has one of the largest not only among the representatives of its species, but also in almost the entire family. Speaking about their shape, it is impossible not to note that these leaves have a geometrically regular oval silhouette.
However, both ends are slightly pointed and shortened. However, the tip on the cutting side is much less pointed than the tip on the other side. Most often they have a very smooth surface. In addition, it is often covered with a glossy sheen, the absence of which can only indicate insufficient care or mild illness. The leaf plates are painted in various shades of green, ranging from light green to dark green.
The color changes depending on the age of the plant and the conditions in which it lives and grows. Veins can also be found on the surface of the leaf plate. However, they are not very clear and can only be seen from a short distance.
The petioles themselves are not very thick, but this does not mean that the leaves do not hold well in their places. They sit quite firmly, and therefore their loss during strong summer winds is minimal. Speaking about the rest of the features, one cannot fail to mention that the leaves have a slight concavity, which is directed upward. Also on the edges you can see small, non-sharp teeth.
As already mentioned, the buds of this plant are very strongly pressed against their shoot. However, when they open up, you can clearly see that they have a very pointed end.
The flowers from them appear quite large, which, perhaps, is natural, given how large the pears themselves eventually grow. Their petals are very white, sometimes with slight multi-colored tints. They overlap a little, which makes the flowers more attractive.
Of course, it is in this part of the pear that gardeners and traders are most interested, because it is with it, and not with its crown or leaves, that the Orlovskaya Summer pear is famous. With its size, the fruits of this tree really amaze the imagination. It's hard to even believe that this fruit is a relative of those small one-hundred-gram pears that you most often see.
Most often, the weight of the fruit of the Orlov Summer pear is about two hundred grams. However, it can be either more or slightly less. Speaking about the record size of this fruit, it should be said that its weight was approximately three hundred grams.At least among the summer group of pears, it is Orlovskaya Letnaya that is the largest and most massive, which makes it extremely competitive in the sales market precisely during this summer period, when most of the fruits of other varieties weigh from seventy to one hundred grams.
It can also be noted that among all the same summer varieties, it is the Orlovskaya Letnyaya pear that, according to both ordinary consumers and professionals, has the most ideal pear-shaped shape and one-dimensionality. The color of this pear is usually fairly uniform and can be described as yellow-green. Moreover, the more ripe the individual fruit becomes, the more it turns yellow.
Therefore, you can easily determine when it is time to harvest by just looking at the fruits of your tree. However, yellow and green are not the only colors in which the fruits of this plant are painted. On some of them, you can see small areas where a red-orange blush is formed. It gives pears even more beauty and, accordingly, only plays with an ideal pear-shaped shape and one-dimensionality.
The color of this pear is usually fairly uniform and can be described as yellow-green. Moreover, the more ripe the individual fruit becomes, the more it turns yellow. Therefore, you can easily determine when it is time to harvest by just looking at the fruits of your tree.
However, yellow and green are not the only colors in which the fruits of this plant are painted. On some of them, you can see small areas where a red-orange blush is formed. It gives pears even more beauty and, accordingly, only plays into the hands of gardeners. However, the beautiful shade that covers the fruits is far from the only external advantage of the fruits of this variety.
In addition to it, independent testers noted that the fruit has a special smooth texture, as well as dryness and density, thanks to which it is very convenient and pleasant to bite the fruit. Speaking of the pulp, it should be noted that it is almost perfectly white, which makes it pleasant not only in taste, but also in appearance.
However, if you take a closer look, you can probably still find a faint greenish tint showing through around the skin. Also, the positive qualities of the pulp include the fact that, as already mentioned, it is quite dense. In addition, there are practically no small grains in it, and those that are there do not interfere with consumption in any way. By the way, despite the density of the fruit, it is incredibly juicy. These two positive qualities rarely come together (especially in pears), but when they do, the taste is amazing.
In general, having collected ratings from both independent experimenters and professional gardeners who have never met this variety before, we received an average rating of about four and six tenths of points. This assessment included both the external and the palatability of the fruit.
Of course, the attractive external features of both the tree and its fruits, as well as the wonderful taste qualities of this variety of pears, are far from its only advantages. In addition to all of the above, the variety has a rather large number of advantages and characteristics that make it better.
As already mentioned, one of the most important and significant characteristics is the frost resistance of this variety, which allows it to grow almost anywhere (at least within our country).
The tree feels best in its homeland - in the Oryol region. Nevertheless, there are data that confirm the possibility of growing this tree even in cold Siberia. Of course, there he will need additional protection, which is not needed in warmer regions, but the very fact of the possibility of growing a tree in such a cold is already amazing.
As for wintering without protection, the temperatures that a tree can withstand without receiving absolutely no damage are approximately equal to those observed in central Russia in the coldest winter seasons, and therefore, if you do not live further north, you have nothing to worry about ...
Well, even if the tree is damaged to a greater or lesser extent by the cold, its regenerative abilities will allow it to recover rather quickly and return to its previous unharmed state. Its qualities, as well as the taste of the fruit, will not be affected at all. The incredible productivity of Orlovskaya Summer pear trees is also striking.
In addition to the fact that its fruits are extremely large, there is just a huge amount of them, which not every pear can boast of, which has even much smaller fruits. However, unfortunately, as already mentioned, these fruits, no matter how good they are, are very short-lived, and therefore it is not possible to leave them in the cellar even for a month.
However, this makes the tree much better for growing fruit for sale, and not for personal use. In any case, you will not be able to eat such an amount of fruits that grows even on one tree, but selling them all is more than realizable.
Unfortunately, it is rather difficult to name any specific figures for one tree, since, unlike trees that do not differ in such massive fruits, the number of fruits on Orlovskaya Letnaya variety trees can vary significantly, although it remains large.
Nevertheless, in larger samples, such a spread is minimized, and therefore it is safe to say that from one hectare of trees you will get about two hundred centners of pears, which is equal to twenty thousand kilograms. At the same time, do not forget that the fruits have excellent taste, which means that you will not only have two hundred centners of pears, but two hundred centners of excellent and very tasty pears, which they will definitely buy like hot cakes. However, the taste of the fruit is not their only advantage.
It would seem that this pear is already perfect, but do not forget that, like most representatives of this family, its fruits are filled with useful vitamins and minerals. In addition, despite the fact that pure pears should be consumed within only ten days or even a week, they can be used to make wonderful jam, puree, compote or jam, which will be stored throughout the winter and even retain some of the useful qualities of the fruits themselves.
In addition to the fact that the elements contained in fruits ripening on trees of this variety are incredibly useful, they can also be used in the treatment of almost all acute respiratory infections, as well as bronchitis of varying severity.
Of course, the disease will not completely recede from pear jam, because this is more like real magic, but you can get rid of the symptoms quite quickly and effectively, and thanks to the large amount of trace elements and vitamins, the disease will pass much more simply and painlessly.
Nevertheless, when you eat these pears raw, you get all the same beneficial substances, but in much larger quantities, and therefore we can say that these fruits are universal: they can and even should be eaten raw, but if you nevertheless, you can conserve them, they will only slightly lose their useful qualities.
Pear Orlovskaya Summer: planting and caring for the plant
First of all, of course, you will have to take into account the fact that such a large tree needs an equally large amount of sunlight, and therefore it must be planted where no shadow can prevent the sun's rays from falling on the foliage of the pear.
In addition, it is important to ensure that your chosen a place it was not blown, since the Orlovskaya Letnyaya pear does not like drafts at all and can, despite all its majesty, suffer greatly from them. It is also important to ensure that there is not too much groundwater in the soil where you plant the tree. Although, a much more important role is played not by their number, but by the depth at which they are located.
If the subsoil water is at a depth of less than two meters, there will be a high probability that the roots will simply "choke" and begin to rot from the huge amount of moisture received. Despite the fact that the tree is practically not important in what soil you plant it (the main thing is that it is not waterlogged), it is still advisable to choose areas where the soil is the most noble and hospitable for new plants. In this way, you can provide the tree with a quicker adaptation to new conditions. However, if the soil is not too fertile, this will not harm the pear in any way.
Once you have chosen a landing site, you should also find a suitable time, after all, planting a tree at any time is by no means possible. Best fit Spring: the main thing is that at the time of planting, all return frosts have ended. You can check whether they will appear or not by waiting about four to five days after the onset of good weather.
If, after this time, the weather continues to be good, then the seedlings can be planted without fear. However, this must be done quickly, since about two to three weeks after the onset of normal weather, the active stage of the flow of juices will begin. It is imperative to complete the planting before it begins, since otherwise the plant will not be able to take root normally.
Now that you know exactly when and at what time the planting will take place, you can cook fossa for a tree. It should be approximately seventy centimeters wide and approximately one meter deep. These parameters will be ideal for the average pear seedling of this variety.
After that, two buckets of water are poured into the hole and left for a week. Only after that it will be possible to start planting work. By the way, after this very week, the date you have chosen for planting should come, which means that you must dig the hole exactly a week earlier.
Just before seedling tree will be in its hole, it needs to be enriched with useful minerals and fertilizers. These include ammonium nitrate in the amount of eighty grams, potassium sulfide in the amount of one hundred and fifty grams, as well as eight hundred grams of wood ash.
After that, a little drainage is poured into the bottom of the hole and a small mound of soil forms on top of it, on which the seedling of your choice sits down. Its roots should be very neatly spread along the walls of the slide in such a way that they all look in different directions and do not get tangled with each other. After that, absolutely all the remaining cavities are filled with soil. At the same time, it should not be strongly tamped, since otherwise there is a high probability of the appearance of air bubbles, which contribute to root decay.
However, you also need to be careful, because if you tamp the soil too hard, you can inadvertently damage the root system of a young seedling. By the way, the soil with which the hole is filled should not be just the one you got by digging this very hole, but mixed with river sand or humus.
Now that the planting is completely completed, you should surround the entire seedling, which at the moment is already firmly sitting in the ground, with a small earthen rampart, the radius of which will be approximately equal to forty centimeters.
After you do this, about two or three buckets of water are immediately poured into the formed crow, which will provide the plant with an instant growth spurt and quick adaptation to open ground conditions.After the procedure is completely completed, the tree is left for a while and is not touched at all.
Next watering should be completed when the earth is already a little dry. Also, during watering, some other procedures are carried out to care for the health of the plant, such as, for example, loosening the soil or periodic fertilization.
It should also be mentioned that you can always take advantage of such an irreplaceable procedure as mulching. It is useful not only because it does not allow the wage to evaporate too quickly from the soil surface, but also serves as a protector of the tree from all kinds of slugs, snails, as well as the ubiquitous weeds. However, if you decide to mulch your tree, then this procedure should be done more or less constantly, since otherwise the mulch will soon become unusable.
In general, it is advisable to update it every time you water, but it is perfectly acceptable to do this every second, but you will have to spend more time weeding.
Diseases and pests
There are diseases to which pears are very susceptible, which is why, at the onset of hot seasons, gardeners feverishly begin to look for all kinds of drugs that can protect their trees through prevention. However, if you are the happy owner of the Orlovskaya Letnyaya pear, you can practically not worry about bacterial burns or rust, since the immunity of this variety perfectly protects the tree from such misfortunes.
Nevertheless, you simply cannot protect yourself from insects or rodents: no matter how strong the protection of the tree's body is, this will not prevent them from gnawing the bark. Therefore, in winter, it is advisable to wrap the trunk below the first branches with a special fiber, through which rodents simply will not make their way.
All of the above rules, which relate not only to the protection of the plant, but also to its correct planting and competent care of it, will help you grow the plant strong and healthy, for which it will certainly thank you in the future and, becoming large and massive tree, will give you no less large and massive fruits.
Pear Orlovskaya Summer is a real treasure for those who want to get not only large and tasty fruits, but also a wonderful experience of growing a whole tree, which will definitely come in handy if you want to connect your life with a vegetable garden.
We hope this article helped you to learn a lot of new and useful things about this plant, and also that when growing this pear you will never have any problems. All that remains is to wish you good luck.