Decorative fruits of the red color of the Carmen pear variety will appeal to everyone, but before planting this crop, you need to get acquainted with the rules for its cultivation. In this article, we will take a closer look at the Carmen pear.
Ripening period of the variety
Table variety of Carmen pear. The ripening period is early summer, the fruits are removed from the 20-30th of July, the fruits are stored until the second autumn month. Winter resistance is low, the variety has a relative immunity to diseases.
Summer varieties: "Rossoshanskaya beautiful", "Sverdlovchanka", "Duchess", "Tonkovotka", "Chizhovskaya".
A brief excursion into history
The variety was created by breeders-scientists of the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Crops named after V.I. Michurina Yakovlev S.P., Gribanovsky A.P., Ilyina Yu.K.
The Carmen pear variety was obtained by crossing two pear varieties: “Williams Red” and “Daughter of Blankova”.
In 1992, the Carmen pear variety took a state varietal trial period. At the moment, this pear is not so widespread, it is cultivated mostly in the Central Black Earth Region.
This is the first pear variety on Russian territory, the fruits of which are painted in a rich color, bred for cultivation in mid-latitudes.
In the middle Russian latitudes, such pear varieties as: "Cathedral", "Lyubimitsa Yakovleva", "Memory of Yakovlev" are also successfully grown.
Pear Carmen: variety description and characteristics
The tree grows quickly, it is of medium height, has a dense leafy crown in the form of a narrow pyramid. Branches depart from the trunk at an acute angle.
The shoots are thickened, upright, brownish-brown in color, have small knees. The buds are small, in the form of a cone.
Glossy leaves depart from the branches at an acute angle. They are of medium size, round, elliptical.
The main coloration of the foliage is green, but it has a reddish color. The plate is slightly concave, its edge is even into a small denticle. Elongated stipules in the form of an awl.
The average weight of the fruit is one hundred sixty to one hundred and eighty grams.
Carmen pears of medium size, regular, shortened, in the form of a standard pear.
Dry skin covers the fruit. When the pears are fully ripe, they become reddish-brown, stick to thickened shortened fruit legs.
There are pronounced numerous points under the skin.
The inner content is creamy, semi-oily, juicy, light aromatic properties.
The taste qualities of the Carmen pear variety are sweet-sour, impatient.
Pear Carmen: features of the variety
Columnar pear Carmen: photo of the variety
Fruiting of the Carmen pear variety begins as early as 5 years after planting the tree. This pear is medium-fast growing. Fruits fully ripen on the 15th of August, they are stored for only fourteen days.
For pollination of Carmen pears, you can plant varieties: "Conference", "Williams Summer".
Carmen pear is resistant to frost periods at an average level, the yield is also average, it grows slowly.
Frost-resistant varieties: "Dressy Efimova", "Lira", "Moskvichka", "Forest Beauty", "Kupava".
The fruit is excellently transported and has excellent marketability. They are used to prepare jam, jam, marmalade, compote.
The Carmen pear tree has a long life span of twenty-five to fifty years.
Pear Carmen: planting and care
Columnar pear Carmen: photo of the variety
Pear Carmen is not very whimsical to soils, but it feels more comfortable growing in nutrient-rich and drained soils. Stagnant liquid and waterlogging can be very damaging to the pear. When planting a plant in sandy soil, peat is added to the hole (two buckets).
Since the crown is not spreading, the seedlings can be planted tightly. More than 1000 plants can be planted per hectare.
The optimal time for planting is October 1-15 and the first days of May.
The planting site should be located 3 m from the fence or other structures, and the site should also be on a dry plain and well lit by the sun.
The planting pit is prepared seven days before planting the pear. The hole diameter is 0.6-0.8 m, in depth it should be 1-1.2 m.
Before planting, 2 buckets of coarse sand and 2 buckets of compost are poured into the hole.
3 tbsp. l. potassium sulfate is mixed with the surface soil layer. After that, a lime solution is poured into the hole, which is prepared from 2 tbsp. lime mixed in 10 liters of water.
2 buckets of clean water are added to the hole. After 6-7 days, plants can be planted.
In the last winter days or the first spring, they form the crown of the tree - a circumcision procedure is carried out.
The most optimal method of watering a tree is by sprinkling.
For this purpose, a steady or spinning spray gun is used to simulate rain.
If you cannot do this, then dig a ditch around the circumference of the plant, 0.5 m wide, then water is poured into it.
Dosage of water - 20 l / 1 m2.
From 2 years after planting the tree, you need to feed it. Minerals are applied every year, organics - 1 time / 3 years.
Although the Carmen pear variety has good tolerance for the winter season, it still needs to be prepared for wintering. This is especially true for young pears.
To protect the Carmen pear from freezing, any covering material is used, as long as it is dry. You can also mulch the tree with straw, sawdust, spruce branches.
Diseases and pests
Carmen pear is resistant to scab and septoria.
Such pear varieties are immune to diseases: "Yakovlevskaya", "Wonderful", "Svetlyanka", "Bere Bosk", "Talgar beauty".
Pests that pose a danger to pears: hares and mice. They gnaw on the bark in winter. To protect the Carmen pear tree from these enemies, it is surrounded by ephedra branches.