Pear grade Children's: photo, description, growing rules
The article presents the Pear grade for Children: photo, description, characteristics, guidance for care, protection, cultivation.
Pear grade Children's: photo, description
Pear grade for children
According to recent surveys, the Children's pear is one of the most popular fruit trees grown by both novice and professional gardeners.
People are attracted not only by the incredible unpretentiousness of this plant, but also by how tasty and numerous its fruits are. That is why the pear tree is becoming more and more popular every year, and breeders continue to develop completely new and revolutionary varieties.
This happens by crossing existing varieties that have useful and irreplaceable qualities. As a result of just such a genetic crossing, a pear variety called "Children's" appeared.
Despite its simple and naive name, this variety rightfully ranks among not only the most frequently grown, but also objectively the best pears in the whole world, and therefore in this article we decided to tell you everything that is known about this variety so that you can problems to grow it on your site and delight your family with amazingly tasty fruits.
Which group does
There are different groups of pears that include completely different varieties. The principle of division into groups is as follows: there are summer, autumn and winter trees. As you probably understand, trees in which fruits ripen in summer belong to the first group, those in which they ripen in autumn - to the second, and those in which fruits ripen by winter - respectively, to the third.
Our object of discussion, Children's pear, belongs to the summer group. Its fruits ripen between July and August. Sometimes, if the weather conditions were unfavorable, this period may well be postponed to the beginning of September, but such situations are exceptions to the rule.
A pear variety called Children's was bred by a very famous and professional breeder, on whose account there is a huge variety of different plant varieties. His name was Yu.A. Petrov, and N.V. Efimov. Together at the All-Russian Institute of Breeding and Technology in Moscow, they created this outstanding variety, which in the future ensured them receiving more than one award.
It is also reliably known which hybrids were created in order to get a Baby Pear when crossed. It was a pear called Summer Duchess and a hybrid variety number eight that does not have any scientific name.
Most often, this variety can be found in our regions, since it is excellent for our weather conditions and, accordingly, is not very common abroad.
Nevertheless, we have the popularity of the Baby Pear, as you probably know, is at its best.
Pear grade Children's: photo, description of botanical characteristics
Pear grade for children
Trees of this variety in height reach quite impressive sizes, and, accordingly, they are extremely durable and can serve a gardener for more than a dozen years. The crown of these trees is in the shape of a pyramid.
The branches that form it are rather few. However, they are very powerful and branchy, which allows them to form a huge number of leaves and fruits on themselves.
The shoots of the tree are small, but very straight and thick.
As for the leaves, they do not correspond at all to the rather large dimensions of the tree itself and are most often presented in rather small sizes. However, they are quite beautiful and have the correct pointed geometric shape.
Their abundance allows the tree to receive a lot of energy through photosynthesis and let it grow, becoming even larger and stronger.
The fruits of this plant, however, like its leaves, cannot be called gigantic for sure. However, they are not small either. We can say that they are of medium size, and their mass reaches about eighty (in rare cases - one hundred) grams.
In order to determine whether the fruit has reached maturity, it is enough just to look at its yellowness. Despite the fact that the shade of pears is light green, the more yellow they become, the more ripe they are.
Also, sometimes you can find small orange-rusty specks on them, which complement the simple but elegant appearance of the fruit, which makes their marketable appearance even better and more attractive to buyers.
Children's pear: description of the variety, photos, characteristics
The yield of the Baby Pear is impressive and really compensates for the far from the most impressive size of the fruits. However, you will have to wait about four, and in some cases even five years before you have the opportunity to harvest fruits from this tree.
Nevertheless, even such periods are a rather sparing waiting time, since, looking at some other varieties, we can find that the appearance of fruits on them can live for seven or eight years.
Against this background, the baby pear clearly stands out for its early summer.
As already mentioned, you can start harvesting at the beginning of July, and this procedure may end already at the end of summer, since the fruits ripen unevenly. Therefore, in no case should you collect fruits in one day. It is much better to stretch this process over several weeks in order to eat the pears overripe or, conversely, not to pick them underripe.
As for the taste of the variety, many gardeners and consumers note that they prefer this pear precisely because of them.
The flesh of this tree is very soft and silky. It is also juicy enough that it can be used in completely different areas of cooking: pears can be eaten raw, or made into desserts, compotes and even some sauces.
It should also be noted that these fruits have a very good preservation, and therefore, at suitable temperatures, they can be stored for quite a long time. Of course, the baby pear cannot compete with varieties whose fruits last up to six months, but keeping the fruits fresh for a month is not a problem for this variety.
Also, the positive qualities of this pear variety include its frost resistance. Surely, it can even be noted that this factor was far from the last of those, thanks to which this variety took root so well in our country.
Not only do the trees perfectly withstand the effects of fairly low temperatures, but they are not damaged in any way and remain completely intact.
In addition, the Children's pear variety copes well with sudden changes in weather conditions, which is often a problem for some other pears, and therefore spring frosts or sudden autumn thaws are tolerated by them without any problems.
Well, and, of course, the undoubted advantage of this variety is that it is completely self-fertile, and when planting it, you will not even have to think about planting any other trees nearby that would serve as pollinators.
Planting and caring for the plant
Many gardeners prefer to grow pears, neglecting other garden trees, because pear care is incredibly simple, and the tree is completely unpretentious. By the way, as we said, this is one of the main reasons for the enormous popularity of this variety among novice and non-professional gardeners.
Nevertheless, the procedures for caring for this plant, although they are not at all complicated, should be extremely regular and constant, since it is these qualities that are what the trees love and respect the most, and, therefore, reward those gardeners. who provide them with decent care, a decent harvest.
First of all, of course, you will have to take care of planting, because it is not for nothing that they say that it is in planting that at least half of the success of the future plant lies. That is why you will have to very strictly follow the rules described below in order to make your tree the most efficient and prolific.
Pear grade Children's: selection of seedlings
In fact, the planting procedure begins long before you dig a hole for the seedling and plant it in it. This process begins precisely with the selection of the correct and healthy seedling, since if your choice falls on not good enough planting material, you may be disappointed with how ineffective your tree is, and the fruits are not tasty.
In order to avoid such disappointment, it is necessary to understand the criteria for selecting a good planting material. First of all, you should pay attention to the age of the seedlings: the younger they are, the better. One-year-olds are much easier to adapt to new and unfamiliar conditions than, for example, two-year-olds, and therefore you should give your preference to them when buying.
You should also pay attention to the roots of the seedling that you buy. The root system must necessarily be moderately lumpy, and the roots themselves must in no case be damaged or infected. As soon as you see an incision or fracture at the root, it is better to immediately discard such a plant.
After you study the root and make sure it is good enough, you should turn your attention to the bark, branches, trunk and crown. If they all look healthy and developed enough, then you can purchase this planting material without any hesitation and have absolutely no doubt that it will not let you down.
Now that you have a seedling, you need to figure out when you will plant it. Many gardeners do not attach much importance to this, but in fact, the correct planting time depends on how quickly and successfully the seedling can adapt to the conditions of your site, as well as how prepared it will meet the winter cold.
Absolutely all professional gardeners unanimously say that the best time to plant not only pears, but absolutely any other plant is spring. Children's pear is no exception to this rule, and therefore we advise you to carry out all planting work in the spring.
To make the planting even more effective, it should be carried out when there is no risk of return frost. In order to be convinced of this, you should wait about four days after the weather becomes relatively stable, and start planting only if no frost is expected after this period.
After that, you will have about two weeks to carry out the procedure, since when they are over, the active phase of the flow of juices in the plant will begin, while it is highly desirable to plant the pear before this phase begins.
In order to speed up the process and with a hundred percent probability it will fit into the given two weeks, we advise you to dig holes not in the spring, but in the fall - a quarter of a year before planting.Thus, you can not only not waste time digging a hole in the spring, but you will also be sure that all the substances that you added to the soil are perfectly mixed and settled.
If you bought a seedling in the summer, then planting can be carried out in the fall, but you should understand that such a time frame for this procedure is associated with certain risks, and therefore we advise only the most experienced gardeners who are completely confident in their abilities to carry it out, and only if you can afford to donate a seedling in case of failure. Otherwise, it is better to wait until spring.
The planting site is also a very important factor that greatly influences the further development of the tree. First of all, it is very important to provide good lighting for the plant, since without it the pear will not be able to grow normally.
It is also strictly forbidden to plant a pear in any depression, like a natural lowland. The fact is that during the precipitation, and especially during the melting of snow, it is in such lowlands that all the water will accumulate, which will lead to excessive moisture of the plant and, as a result, to the possible appearance of such an unpleasant disease as root rot.
Also, in order to avoid a similar fate for your plant, you should check the planting site for the presence of groundwater. They should be located at a depth of more than two meters, otherwise the same scenario will happen as described in the previous paragraph, but this time - much more quickly and swiftly.
You should also ensure that the growth of plant roots is not interfered with by fences or walls of buildings, and therefore a distance should be kept between them and the planting site. The same applies to finding two plants relative to each other, since, being planted at too small a distance, the trees will constantly compete for nutrients and interfere with each other with their crowns, which, naturally, will not come to anything good.
Pear grade Children's: planting procedure
First of all, if you have not dug a hole yet, you need to start with it. The depth of the planting recess should be about half a meter - seventy centimeters (depending on the size of the rhizome of your pear). In diameter, this depression should reach about one meter.
It is also very important to provide the plant with all the nutrients and minerals that will feed it during the first two to three years of rhizome growth. It is these first years that are the most important in the formation and development of the root system, and therefore autumn should be carefully considered fertilization.
To begin with, you will need to find good, fertile soil, which, for sure, you have in your possession. Next, we add one bucket of humus, which will not only provide nutrition to the plant, but can also provide additional protection during the winter cold.
Well, in order to accelerate the growth and development of the plant, you should add about two hundred grams of superphosphate and fifty grams of nitrate to the resulting soil mixture. It is also advisable to add about one hundred grams of potassium sulfide. All of these ingredients will work together to create a healthy, strong and coarse root system.
Many believe that humus and manure are organically equivalent fertilizers, and therefore they are interchangeable. However, this is absolutely not true, and using dung instead of humus in the above recipe can be a fatal mistake that will ruin your tree. Its unprepared, young roots will simply burn out, and the tree will soon die.
Now that the hole has been dug and filled with all the necessary nutrients, it is necessary to create a small earthen slide at the bottom of the same hole, which will consist of the soil mixture we have prepared.This slide should not be too large, but high enough so that all the roots of the seedling can be placed on it.
Now the root system of the planting material is neatly distributed over the surface of this very hill in such a way that the roots do not get tangled and do not interfere with each other, and also so that they are directed in different directions. This seemingly simple procedure will ensure the stability of your future tree.
It remains only to fill all the remaining cavities with soil. At the same time, it is very important to compact the soil that you are filling. Nevertheless, this must be done without undue fanaticism, since by compacting the soil too much, you may well damage the roots.
On the other hand, if it is not enough to compact the soil mixture, or not at all, you greatly increase the risk of air bubbles forming in the pit, the appearance of which can cause root rot.
When filling the hole with soil mixture, you should also take care of watering the hole, since the sprout will need a very powerful initial push, which will help it adapt to growth in open ground, and also give it enough nutrients to immediately go into growing.
In addition, water is also beneficial because it will further compact the soil and prevent air bubbles from forming.
Nevertheless, when watering, you do not need to be too fanatical, since too much moisture can lead to stagnation of water at the roots and their premature decay. So, overdoing it with the amount of watering, you can only bring closer the problem from which you tried to protect the plant.
By the way, the following point should be mentioned: the seedling that you choose, despite the fact that it has an ideal root system, trunk and crown, may have some defects, such as a twisted trunk. They are not critical and the tree may well live with them, but it will also need special conditions that will help it adapt to existence with such a defect.
Therefore, if the trunk of your plant is bent, you should plant it in such a way that it is directed to the south, and, accordingly, as the seedling reaches for the light, it will straighten.
However, even this does not end with the landing procedure. The fact is that at first the seedlings will sit in their holes extremely unstable, and therefore they will need help. Such support can be provided by an ordinary garter to a peg tightly driven into the ground. In addition, this support will allow the plant to grow extremely evenly.
We also highly advise you to mulch immediately after planting. We have already talked about the usefulness of this procedure more than once in our articles, and we will repeat it again. Not only does mulch prevent moisture from prematurely evaporating from the surface of the soil on especially hot days, it also protects the plant from the invasion of snails and slugs, and also prevents weeds from receiving solar energy and prevents them from growing normally.
As you already know, the Baby Pear tree is quite tall, and therefore, the larger and higher it becomes, the more randomly its crown will grow. Your task as a gardener is to avoid this, since an irregularly shaped crown is fraught with some unpleasant consequences.
First of all, it should be noted that the more fruits are formed on the tree, the more their taste will fall, and, accordingly, their size. In addition, the huge number of branches that obscure each other will interfere with the normal course of the photosynthesis process.
That is why it is desirable to maintain the shape of the crown pyramidal. You should also be careful to ensure that the branches grow at the correct angle (about ninety degrees or perpendicular to the trunk).This should be done from the very moment of planting, since when the branches grow and get stronger, it will be extremely difficult to correct their shape.
First of all, you should take care of precisely those branches that grow at the wrong angle. In the event that you see branches growing at too sharp an angle relative to the trunk, they should be corrected with special spacers.
If branches are observed growing at an obtuse angle, the method of tying the branch to the trunk with twine or ordinary garden rope is used. It is also advisable to place a rubber lining on the branch to prevent the rope from damaging the bark.
After some time of such an impact on the branch, it will straighten up and begin to grow at the right angle. As the tree develops, these branches will become strong and stable, and therefore they will no longer be able to unbend to their previous incorrect state.
As for pruning, which is one of the key procedures in gardening, it is completely undesirable to apply it to young trees, since at such an early age it may not have a positive effect on the health of the plant. However, sometimes this procedure is simply necessary. Especially if the branches have any damage or if they are very long.
In order for the circumcision to be carried out safely and without unpleasant consequences for the tree, you should make sure that you use extremely sharp and high-quality instruments that will not leave unnecessary scars on the branches that do not contribute to healing at all.
It is also advisable to lubricate the cut site with crushed charcoal or garden pitch, which will not allow infection to penetrate the plant.
In order for the crown to form correctly, you will need to have no more than five to six bearing (also called skeletal) branches. It is they who will be responsible for the formation of the crown, and it is on them that ninety percent of the fruits will be formed, and therefore it is their good condition that is your primary task.
The development of strong and reliable shoots is also very important for the formation of prolific and effective branches, and therefore they also need to be controlled. If we are talking about skeletal branches, then the formation of shoots on them at an acute angle is completely unacceptable, since they may not be strong enough, which in the end, when the fruits are formed, will lead to the fact that the shoots will simply break off.
The very procedure for pruning and forming shoots and branches is carried out exclusively in the spring, since it is at this time of the year that the plant is least susceptible to any external influence and has the strongest immunity in order to be able to successfully survive such a traumatic procedure.
It is also very important to make the angle of absolutely every cut about forty-five-degree. Thus, you will ensure the tree the speedy healing of the cut site and the complete impossibility of penetration of viruses and bacteria.
The crown, like the root system, takes from four to five years, and therefore, when the tree is already formed, the need for constant pruning will simply disappear, since all shoots and branches will grow correctly.
However, trimming cannot be completely discarded. The only difference is that it will serve purely preventive purposes. To be more precise, it will be needed in order to remove damaged and diseased branches.
Pear grade for Children: protection from cold weather
As already mentioned, this pear variety is extremely resistant to cold weather, which is one of the main factors in its popularity in our country. Especially if we are talking about a mature and mature tree, it does not need any shelter at all.
However, young trees, especially in very severe frosts, can be significantly damaged. This is especially true of the root system, which at this stage of development is still very vulnerable and weak.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide winter protection, first of all, to young seedlings, and this should be done in the area of the root collar and the root part of the trunk.
The best way to protect these parts from frostbite would be extremely voluminous mulching, as well as wrapping with a garden cloth, which will not allow the cold to damage the delicate tissues of the plant.
Care after landing
Now that you have completely completed the planting procedure and the first pruning forming the crown, we can say that all the difficulties associated with caring for this plant are behind. Quite simple procedures await you ahead, the most important rule in the implementation of which is periodicity and constancy, and therefore you should not have any problems.
Of course, when we talk about the constant, routine care of the plant, watering first of all comes to mind. In fact, it should be noted that this plant does not need to be watered very often. On average, this procedure is carried out only when the ground around dries up, which, taking into account the effect of mulch, does not happen often.
If the soil around the tree is rather moist, then, regardless of any time frame, it is by no means worth starting watering, since, as you already know, excessive waterlogging can turn into major problems for the plant.
Simply put, you should always try to stay in the golden mean, when the plant will not be too waterlogged, but will not die of thirst at the same time. That is why maintaining balance is the most important thing when watering.
Of course, absolutely every gardener wants his plant to be as fertile and effective as possible, and therefore, if you want the same thing, which we do not even think to doubt, you need to think about how to provide your plant with the best fertilizers. ...
In addition, minerals such as nitrogen help the plant not only grow and develop faster, but also start bearing fruit earlier, which, without any doubt, is a huge plus for traders who want to promote their goods as soon as possible. market.
In order for the nitrogenous fertilizer to have the most beneficial effect on the plant, it should be administered according to the following instructions:
Approximately fifty grams of ammonium nitrate is spread evenly around the trunk, after which the earth is dug up so that the fertilizer can mix with the soil and settle in it.
However, you need to be extremely careful when using a shovel, as the root system of almost any pear spreads very close to the surface and, accordingly, you can accidentally and unintentionally damage it.
In addition to feeding pears with nitrate, we recommend that you use sodium humate. This is done only three times a year: the first time - when the buds begin to bloom, the second time - in July, when the first fruits begin to appear, and the last time - at the very end of August, when the collection of fruits comes to an end.
This periodicity will allow the plant to allocate its resources most efficiently, survive the winter successfully and be energized by the beginning of the next season.
Pear grade Children's: diseases
Absolutely all pears belong to those plants that suffer quite a bit from any diseases due to their powerful immune system and strong external protection. The baby pear is especially well protected against fungal infections, which often cause very serious problems and greatly interfere with gardeners.
Nevertheless, the real trouble for this pear is all kinds of pests that damage not only its bark and leaves, but can also get to the insides.
In order to get rid of most of the parasites that love to feast on the pear, there are a huge number of insecticidal preparations on the market that have a deadly effect on both pear moths and ticks.
In order to make a safe spraying that will not harm your other plants and animals, you should choose an exceptionally calm day for it. The fact is that insecticides are extremely toxic and harmful drugs that do not pose any threat to pears, but can become a problem for, for example, ornamental plantings.
Spraying is also recommended in the spring. Firstly, it is at this time that most of the insects become most active, and secondly, at this time the plant will be ready for exposure to chemicals.
After two or three, repeated preventive spraying should be carried out, thanks to which your plant will be protected for the entire subsequent season.
Preventive spraying is very important, as you cannot even imagine when exactly such an attack, such as moths or ticks, will attack you. Well, in order that you do not have to deal with the consequences of their actions, it is much better not to allow them to appear at all.
In the event that you miss the appearance of parasites or insects on your tree, it will soon begin to ache and wither. As a result, if nothing is done, even the death of the plant is quite possible.
Therefore, as soon as you notice any painful formations on the leaves, branches or shoots, you should immediately find the cause of their occurrence and treat the plant with a drug that will help defeat the infection.
Also, in order to ensure the safety of the tree in the next season, absolutely all the foliage that has fallen from the pear should be burned in the fall. This is especially true of those plants on which the insects made their attempts, since it is quite possible that they will hide among the foliage for the winter, and wake up in the spring and attack the pear again.
Also, do not forget about another factor that poses a danger to pears: about rodents. These small pests can severely damage the bark of a tree, and some bacteria or virus can penetrate through the gaps in the plant's protection.
Therefore, especially in the first four to five years of a plant's life, you should wrap the trunk with some kind of protective layer, for example, tar paper. However, remember that it should not directly touch the bark, and therefore, before you prick it, you should wrap the trunk with newspaper.
We have mentioned far from the largest part of all those pests that can attack your tree, and therefore below we will tell you about almost all crawling and flying misfortunes that can harm your pear.
This is an extremely common insect that most likely lives in your garden. It is harmful by sucking nutrients from the leaves, which slows down photosynthesis and makes the tree sluggish and weak.
Of course, this also negatively affects the fruits, which grow much smaller and juicy. Therefore, the tick was called fruit, although it eats leaves.
In order to cope with it, it is recommended to use an insecticide during the growth of the buds. It is at this time that the insect most often attacks, and therefore you will have a chance to protect the plant.
This insect is a small butterfly, which nevertheless can cause very big problems. To be more precise, the problems are caused by its larvae, which hatch from small eggs laid directly in the fruit.
The problem is that it is Pear, the Children's variety, which is the ideal environment for the growth and reproduction of this butterfly, since, firstly, it is a summer variety and its ripening falls just at the peak of the activity of these parasites, and secondly, this variety possesses an extremely thin skin through which an insect can easily sneak.
As a result, the actions of the insect have an extremely critical effect on the plant. Productivity is falling rapidly, and those fruits that do not fall prematurely are likely to also be infected with small larvae.
Therefore, you need to fight the insect immediately.For this, various insecticides are used, and also, if the plant has been attacked by insects, all leaves and fallen, unusable fruits must be destroyed.
This insect is also dangerous due to the laying of its eggs, from which small larvae later hatch, eating the pear. However, the moth, unlike the moth, lays them in the bark of branches, as a result of which their fertility drops sharply.
In addition, hatching caterpillars begin to very aggressively eat absolutely everything indiscriminately: leaves, fruits and even buds - everything falls under their blow. The methods of dealing with the moth are absolutely the same as with the moth.
This insect is a small fly that also attacks the tree with its larvae. In adulthood, they begin to feed on juices from the leaves and peduncles of the tree, as a result of which a large part of the crop dies even before the fruits begin to ripen.
The flowers die off and therefore never grow into fruit. That is why, by the way, it is so difficult to notice the effect of this insect, because it practically leaves no traces.
However, preventive spraying can easily ward off it from your pear. Also, if you notice abnormal dropping of flowers, you can apply an insecticide treatment.
Children's pear is certainly a wonderful variety, which is suitable not only for sale, but also for the development of your own garden, the fruits of which are used for cooking compote or for making delicious mashed potatoes.
Of course, like any variety, this pear is not without its drawbacks. Nevertheless, the huge number of advantages that it has clearly outweighs the disadvantages and makes it one of the best varieties for our region.
We hope this article helped you decide whether you need this plant or not, and if you still want to have a Baby Pear, you will not have any problems growing and caring for it. Well, we just have to wish you good luck.
Pear grade for children