Breeders have successfully created new varieties of pears that are resistant to the winter season and late maturity. The result of such developments is the Miracle Pear. Its fruits can be stored for a very long time. Characteristics and real reviews of the Miracle pear variety will make it easy to grow pears and enjoy fresh fruits throughout the winter.
Pear Miracle: description of the variety and characteristics
Created a new variety of pears Chudesnitsa, which is characterized by good resistance to the climatic conditions of the Central Black Earth Region, scientists on the basis of the All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture named. I. V. Michurin. They crossed the varieties "Talgar Beauty"And" Daughter of Dawn ".
The tree of the Chuddesnitsa pear variety is medium-sized, its crown is spreading, in the form of a pyramid, it grows up to three meters high. Shoots are smooth, upright, brown, not pubescent. The pear is decorated with green leaves, in the form of an egg, with sharp ends and edges in a small clove. White flowers contain five petals. The core is in the form of an onion, the chambers with the seeds are closed. Seeds of medium size, in the form of a cone, brown color.
Pear Miracle: features of fruits
The attractive pears of the Chudnitsa variety of large size weigh from one hundred and fifty to two hundred and ten grams. The fruits are presented in the form of a truncated cylinder-cone, their surface is even and smooth. The peel is oily, covered with a thin waxy bloom.
Miracle pears at technical ripeness have a light green color, there is also a blush of a pale pink color. Ripening, the peel is repainted in a golden color, the blurred blush becomes reddish in color. Fruits are held on branches on a curving fruit stem of medium thickness. The inner contents of the pear are creamy and oily. Taste is sweet, slightly sour. Sugar content - 9.6%, acidity - 7.9 grams / liter. Ripe fruits give off the delicate aromatic properties of flowers, which is why the Wonderful pear variety has become so popular.
Pear Miracle: advantages and disadvantages
Advantages Pear varieties Wonderful:
- Regular harvest each year, equally distributed over the years.
- The fruits are externally attractive, they also have an excellent taste.
- Fruits are well transported, there is no loss of marketability.
- Pears are stored for a long time, they can lie for four to five months.
- The fruits are of universal purpose, they can be eaten not only fresh, but also prepared for the winter, the variety is also grown on an industrial scale.
- The tree is not sprawling, compact, therefore it is easier to cut it and remove the fruit.
- The variety is highly resistant to the winter season, capable of rapid recovery after severe frosty periods.
- The pear is endowed with immunity to diseases that are characteristic of this variety.
- The whimsicality to growing conditions is expressed to a small extent.
Varietal minuses pears Miracle:
- It is necessary to prune the tree often, in this regard, it is required to form the crown more often due to the active growth of the pear.
Tasting score - 4.3 points.
Plant cultivation rules
Photos and characteristics of the Chudesnitsa pear variety will provide the best conditions for pear cultivation. The optimal time for planting planting material is the spring and autumn seasons. Planting time depends on the climatic conditions of the cultivation area.
In mid-latitudes, the pear should be planted in the spring. During the period, a young tree will have time to get stronger, build up strength in order to endure the cold winter season. In the south, pear trees are planted in the autumn season, but the event must be held thirty days before the first cold snap sets in. The best time for planting is the autumn season, the 15th of September, spring, the last days of April.
The optimal planting site is a dry, level area, sunlit and well ventilated. Perfect development and fruiting of pears occurs on clay and loamy soil, filled with nutrients. It is required that the soil is loose, thanks to this, the air will circulate perfectly.
Pear Miracle: planting varieties
The Miracle Pear loves to be carefully and regularly looked after, correctly planted and provide optimal conditions for growth and development. For the full development of a pear and a generous yield, it is necessary to correctly plant a seedling, in addition, it is required to carry out all the necessary agrotechnical procedures. And then on September days you will enjoy the excellent taste of healthy pears.
How to properly plant a pear of the Wonderful variety.
If you plant the Chudesnitsa pear variety correctly, then you can guarantee one hundred percent that it will successfully develop and grow safely. For this purpose, the algorithm of actions given below is carried out.
- A planting hole is dug out of a size that should allow the root system of a young tree to calmly settle in the planting hole, without bending or breaking.
- The bottom of the hole is loosened well and a layer of fertile soil is placed there, which contains minerals in granules or organic matter.
- Before planting, a stake is installed that reliably props the pear in the future.
- A mound of soil mixture is built in the center of the hole, planting material is carefully placed on it.
- The seedling is sprinkled with soil in such a way that the root collar rises five cm above the surface earth layer. The tree is neatly tied to the stake. The garter procedure is important for annual plants.
- The soil near the trunk is compacted, watering is carried out, and the soil is mulched with humus to eliminate water evaporation. When mulching, weeds do not grow and the liquid does not evaporate.
Pear Miracle: variety care
Pear Miracle: photo of the variety
- Watering and fertilizing.
To obtain rich yields, it is necessary to carefully look after the pear, namely, to carry out such important procedures as: observe the conditions for soil moisture and timely fertilize.
Watering is carried out depending on weather conditions, soil type and age characteristics of the tree. After watering, the soil is loosened around the circumference of the plant to prevent crust formation.
Also, an important procedure is to provide the tree with a supply of trace elements, by spraying and applying fertilizers at the root. The first time they feed the pear three years after planting with minerals and organics, it all depends on the season of the year. In order to increase resistance to winter and stimulate the ripening of shoots, phosphorus and potassium-containing dressings are introduced in the autumn season.
To prevent a large crown density, the tree is systematically pruned.By pruning, the yield of the variety, the level of sugar content and the size of the fruit are regulated, in addition, if the pear is pruned, it becomes easier to remove the fruits. If you do not prune, the yield will decrease, which is an obvious and logical fact.
In spring, when pruning, damaged, old shoots are removed, the procedure is carried out before the juice begins to move. Also, pruning is carried out in the fall, leaving two or three fruit branches and a central conductor. After cutting, the cuts are lubricated with garden varnish or oil paint.
Agrotechnical techniques include such an important procedure as whitewashing, it will protect the pear from sunburn. Since the white color of the whitewash reflects the sun's rays, the barrel will definitely not overheat. In addition, whitewashing the trunk will perfectly protect the tree from various harmful insects, because lime can kill them.
- How to prepare a pear for the winter season.
As stated in the characteristics, the pear variety Miracle is resistant to the winter season, this quality allows it to endure even the lowest temperature conditions (up to minus thirty-eight degrees). Therefore, adult pears are well tolerated in very cold winter seasons, even if they are not additionally covered. In young trees, the trunk is wrapped in agrofibre, the trunk circle is mulched with humus, sawdust and peat. A good way to protect the tree from frost is the fallen snow cover, with the help of it a pear is piled up.
- Pollinators of pear varieties Chudesnitsa.
Pear Miracle has a low level of self-pollination. In this regard, in order to get a rich harvest, additional planting of varieties for pollination is required. The pollinators of the Miracle pear can be "In Memory of Yakovlev", "Extravaganza».
The yield of the Miracle pear variety is obtained as a result of good genetics, its increase occurs through an optimal planting scheme, competent care, preventive measures against diseases and harmful insects. The variety we are considering begins to bear fruit from the fifth or sixth year after planting a young plant. The average yield of the variety is more than one hundred and thirty centners per hectare.
The fruits are removed in the last days of September, but in order to obtain a high-quality harvest, the fruits are sent to ripening in the fruit storage for thirty to forty days.
Diseases and harmful insects
To get a high-quality harvest, it is required to carry out timely prevention against diseases and harmful insects.
As indicated in the characteristics, the pear variety we are considering is immune to various fungal infections. However, for prophylactic purposes, it is necessary to spray plants with specialized means, observe the dose recommended by the manufacturer when creating drugs.
Harmful insects have also got into the habit of attacking a tree of this variety: green aphids, pear honeydew. These pests emit a sticky composition (honeydew), because of which the fruits become smaller, their marketability disappears. The folk method, which is time-tested, can get rid of the problem - a soap-kerosene solution. If you properly care for and observe sanitary standards, then the risk that parasitic organisms will appear and will develop on the tree will decrease.
Pear Miracle: reviews of gardeners
They only speak positively about the Chuddesnitsa pear variety. Pear Chuddesnitsa belongs to varieties that do not need special agricultural technology. Gardeners talk about a high level of winter resistance: pears perfectly withstand harsh winter seasons with little snow, while the yield does not decrease. The variety is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, grows well and bears fruit in extreme climates.
What else attracts gardeners is that the Miracle pear variety begins to bear fruit early than other pear varieties that bear fruit only from the sixth or seventh year, while our pear forms fruit already from the fifth year after planting. Also a positive property is the long shelf life of pears. The fruits ripened in the first autumn days retain their qualities perfectly for four to five months.
Characteristics, photos and real reviews of the Miracle pear variety will allow you to cultivate a healthy tree, which will give sweet, juicy fruits even in bad climatic conditions. And the harvest, which is distinguished by its vitamin and mineral complex, until the end of the winter season will protect against viruses and will remind you of summer in a harsh winter.