Gravilat: species and varieties, cultivation on the site.
Gravilat is a plant that has recently grown very often in garden plots. Any gardener growing it is very proud of it, as this flower is unusually beautiful. This plant looks very impressive in absolutely any garden area. Thanks to him, you can create absolutely any flower arrangements, it will all look very bright and original.
Description of the gravilat.
There is absolutely nothing complicated in growing, absolutely anyone, even a beginner in gardening, can handle it. In principle, it is not necessary to create flower arrangements from these beautiful flowers; they can also be planted in different parts of the plot. It is absolutely anywhere, but will definitely draw attention to itself. This is all due to the fact that I am not tall enough, he has large flowers and luxurious, wide foliage. Another 1 plus of this gorgeous birth is that it is perennial and frost-resistant enough. It does not require special care and climate, which, in principle, is also very popular with gardeners.
There are many different varieties of Gravilata. All of them differ in color by size and height. Gravilat is capable of absolutely any terrain, even in cold and temperate regions. In principle, depending on the type of plant, it can grow in height from 40 to 60 cm. The bush is quite wide, fluffy and very beautiful. The root system of this plant is very powerful and well developed, which also contributes to the fact that the plants are able to grow in almost any conditions.
The flowers of this shrub can be as simple as smooth, as well as semi-double or double. They are mostly bright red or bright orange. In principle, thanks to the color, this shrub is also impossible to miss. Flowers are collected in inflorescences. The inflorescence is already a panicle of 3-4 pieces, the diameter of the flowers can also vary from large to small, it all depends individually on the variety. As for the flowering time, it also depends on the plant variety.
Some varieties can bloom 2 times per season, and some bloom completely throughout the season, having a different color and shape. After the plant finishes leading in place of flowers, a kind of fruit is formed, resembling small nuts, these are the seeds of gravilat. The seeds have a kind of hooks at the end, and they have a very important role in the propagation of this plant and seeds. When you pass by the bushes with your hooks, the seeds can catch on clothes that are running past; animals also carry them on their fur. As a result, gravilata seeds can be found in absolutely any place, respectively, a new shrub will grow there. It is thanks to this feature that the seeds can be seen absolutely anywhere at great distances from each other. Seeds of shrubs of gravilata, as in principle, any others begin to ripen, and around September.
The most popular varieties with a description.
This wonderful shrub has more than 50 different species and varieties. The most popular are: Aleppo gravilat Is a perennial shrub that attacks a height of about 70 cm, its stems are thick, straight and very strong, besides the fact that they are not just green, they have a reddish tint. The bush is very dense. It has a lot of yellow flowers of a fairly large size.
Mountain gravilat... This shrub has a height of no more than 40 cm. Dark green in color, they are slightly wrinkled and look down. Medium-sized flowers reach no more than 3 cm, blooms from late spring to mid-summer.This variety is quite frost-resistant, therefore it is widespread in central Russia.
Gravilat is bright red. This shrub has a rather lush volumetric height, it grows more than half a meter. The stems are quite thick and strong, and the flowers grow on it bright red or bright orange, double and semi-double. It also blooms from late spring to mid-summer. His flowers are quite large in size up to 5 cm. Basically, he tries to grow shrubs of this variety in the center of the site, since he simply cannot help but attract the views of others.
There is also a hybrid Gravilat... These varieties were obtained by crossing several types of shrubs. As a result, they grow more than half a meter in height. The bush of hybrids itself has a bright green color, and its flowers are always quite large in size up to 5 cm and have a bright red color, less often, orange, which also attracts attention with its beauty. the hybrid how are you, then it also has its own certain varieties: fire opal... It has bright red, double flowers. golden west This variety is very popular with gardeners, as it has large flowers of a rare yellow color.
And here is the grade Glades Perry... Has bright red flowers. Variety ruby, speaks for itself.
Mrs. J. Bradshaw... this variety has flowers different from others. Although they are bright red, like the rest of the varieties. But nevertheless, they differ in their size, since they are much larger than others. And what is distinctive for this shrub, they grow about 7 cm in diameter. The cocktail is cosmopolitan. This is a fairly compact shrub that grows to a height of no more than half a meter. His flowers differ from others in that they are semi-double, pink in color with a yellow or burgundy core. See it very unusual and original!
Cocktali alabama slammer... this shrub of very small size reaches no more than 40 cm in height, the stem of this shrub is straight, and the flowers are semi-double, bright orange in color, with a bright red border on the petals.
Bell banks. this shrub is also quite compact with a height of about 35 cm. Its stem is straight, dark green with a burgundy tint, and the flowers are semi-double, pink in color, which, in principle, is also quite unusual for this plant. Banana daiquiri. a shrub that is compact enough and grows no more than 45 cm in height, while having very large, bright yellow flowers. It blooms from early spring to mid-summer. The shrub itself is bright green, just strewn with a huge number of flowers.
Tegula sunrise... This shrub grows in height about half a meter. The foliage is bright green, but the stem is burgundy. The flowers of this variety are quite large in size, semi-double, bright yellow, with an orange border on the petals, which looks very unusual. may thai. Bushes of this variety grow about half a meter in height. Outwardly, the flowers are a panicle, her petals are double orange. It begins to bloom from the beginning of summer until autumn. sangria. This shrub is very different from its counterparts, since it can grow to a height of about 1 m.The shrub itself looks rather rough, as it has very tough leaves. The bright red flowers have a yellow core. And the flowers themselves grow about 4 cm in diameter. Moreover, the flowers can be different smooth or double.
Gravilat Ross... This variety has a very small, shrub that grows no more than 30 cm, and mostly even less. Its stems are very tough and look down, and the flowers are unusually small, only 1 centimeter in diameter.
Chilean gravilat... This is another type of shrub. These shrub varieties grow more than half a meter in height. But despite his growth, his flowers are quite small, bright red, collected in panicles. It blooms from the second half of summer to late autumn.
Epricot pearl... The flowers of this variety are double, bright yellow or light orange. This one goes only in the 1st half of the summer.Goldbal. This shrub reaches a height of up to half a meter, the flowers are medium-sized, yellow.
Lady Shtrateden. This is a rather unusual variety. As it has large yellow double flowers. Which grow in a diameter of about 4 cm. It blooms in the second half of summer and until late autumn.
Mrs J. Bradshaw... This variety differs in size from a bush. It easily grows in height to almost 1 meter. But based on the size of the bush itself, you can easily understand that the size of its flowers is quite large, and has a bright red color. Gardeners like this variety very much, but that it easily tolerates any, even the most severe winter, for this it needs insulation.
BlazingSunset... This variety is very popular among the Russian flag. It is capable of blooming throughout the season without interruption. And its flowers are very bright red or orange, which looks very beautiful!
Doublesunrise... in this variety, the inflorescences look very original, they are bright red in appearance and resemble a basket.
Cosmopolitan... This shrub has very large flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. They are double cream-colored with a pink edging.
Fireball... this variety begins to go up to the 2nd half of summer and until the very deepest autumn, and it has very large orange flowers. Golden ball. In principle, the name justifies itself; the flowers are shaped like a ball, and their color is bright yellow. It blooms throughout the season from the very beginning of spring until autumn.
Flame of passion... This shrub is quite compact. It grows in height no more than 50 cm, in width it grows about 30, it has straight stems. They are dark purple in color. The leaves are round, slightly elongated, then green, the flowers are double and, which is very unusual for this plant, they have a burgundy color.
Rigoletto... This variety is also very popular among the Chilean gravilata, it grows a little more than half a meter in height, the flowers are large enough, which grow about 3 cm in diameter.They are double bright red with round petals, but the core of the flowers is black. That, in principle, looks very unusual and original and just makes you fall in love at a glance.
Beach house apricot. this variety grows a fairly compact bush no more than half a meter high. Terry flowers are yellow, with orange veins and a purple core. This is not found in any other variety anymore. So, in principle, it is clear why this particular variety received the recognition of gardeners.
Tinkerbell... This shrub grows to a height of just over half a meter. Moreover, his foliage is very fluffy. The coils are large, double and yellow in diameter, they reach 4 cm.
Fire opal. This is a very large shrub, which can also grow about 1 m, its semi-double flowers have a bright orange color and a yellow core. Flowers in diameter easily reach 5 cm, which, in principle, is understandable knowing its height.
Firestorm... The shrub in height has a lot of orange flowers. Moon. This bush grows to a height of only half a meter, it has double flowers of bright yellow color, which grow about 4 cm in diameter.
Aurelia... Bushes about 70 cm high. Flowers are large enough golden yellow in color. Terry plants begin to bloom at the very beginning of June and until the end of August the bush is strewn with flowers.
Meteor... The course also grows in height half a meter, its double flowers, bright red in diameter, grow up to 4 cm.
Sunbeam... This variety is very popular due to the fact that the shrub has a lot of double flowers that grow simply enormous in size. About 8 cm in diameter. This is quite unusual for this plant. Moreover, his color can be completely different from bright yellow to dark or bright red. Also. Its popularity is also played by the fact that it blooms throughout the season, that is, from the very end of spring to late autumn.
There is 1 more popular type of gravilat, this is gravilat tricolor... This perennial shrub is very compact, because it grows no more than 30 cm in height. Its flowers are mostly yellow.
Gravilat city... it is a perennial shrub, in general, the height will melt a little more than 20 cm. but its root system is very well developed. this variety can be planted as individual plants, or inserted into the composition along with other flowers, as well as it will just look great in a flower bed or transform absolutely any garden plot, even the dimmest at a glance. This variety propagates mainly with the help of seeds. As written above, it is with its hooks that it can cling to people or animals and is carried over fairly long distances. Therefore, to plant this shrub, you can both independently and unexpectedly see it on your site, so it will grow like a self-fall. This herbaceous perennial grows not only in Russia, but also in Europe. These shrubs grow in height in different ways, from 20 cm to 50. The flowers are also of different sizes, it depends directly on the height of the bush. Flowers can be completely different colors from bright red. White.
How to grow a flower correctly.
Gravilat is generally quite easy to grow, absolutely any gardener can cope with this task, even one who has absolutely no experience. Varieties and types do not matter at all. After all, this plant, in principle, is not whimsical at all. But if you still want your bush to bloom profusely and for a long time, you need to spend quite a bit of energy and time and take care of it a little. The rules of care in the case of the glaviate are very simple, and if you do everything right, the flower will answer you with gratitude with the help of its beauty. First of all, you need to decide on the choice of a place for planting a perennial. This shrub is very fond of light, but in principle it can grow well in light shade, but it does not tolerate too dark places at all.
So, if we proceed from reverence, the plants are planted in a permanent place, it is better not in direct sunlight and not in a dark place, but in a light, diffused partial shade. It is best if you plant a shrub near a container of water or some kind of body of water. Of course, on fertilized areas and regular feeding, the shrub will grow better. Ideally, the soil should be slightly acidic. In the place where your plants, the water should not stagnate, if suddenly this happens, then you can very quickly lose your plant, since the root system will simply begin to rot. If the decay of the roots has already begun, then it is almost impossible to save the shrub, the only thing you can do is to dig it out very carefully, completely from the ground and remove this part of the roots. But this way of saving the picture does not give one hundred percent guarantee. If, at the place you have chosen, the groundwater comes close enough, then you need to plant it on the created hill. Never forget that when planting not only this, not any other shrub, the planting pit initially needs to be laid with a drainage layer, and it can be, but from anything, stones, rubble, broken, brick or something like that. Before planting a shrub, it is imperative to fertilize the ground for this, there may be some kind of mineral, complex or organic fertilizers. then gravilata. Will do. Peat compost manure, but all this must be in liquid form, and accordingly diluted with water. And after the top dressing is applied, the planting pit needs to be watered abundantly. Gravilata, as well as for other plants, the planting pit must be prepared in advance before planting, the earth in it must have time to settle. If, for some reason, you did not manage to fertilize the ground before planting the shrub, something can be done before the plant begins to bloom. At this time, the plant needs to be fed such a top dressing, which will contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal parts.2 plant feeding is needed at the moment when it blooms profusely, at this time phosphorus and potassium are introduced. It is thanks to this fertilizer that the flowering period is extended. When you plant gravilat in your garden. Remember that he loves watering in moderation. If the weather is not too dry, then an adult bush should be watered only once a week. When it is too hot outside and there is no rain for a long time, then watering should be increased up to 2 times. Watering must be done carefully, strictly under the roots, so that water does not get on the leaves of the plant. After each watering of the land around the bush, it is imperative to loosen it so that oxygen directly very quickly flows to the root system, this contributes to its development. And while loosening the soil, you will simultaneously perform 2 tasks: in addition to supplying oxygen to the roots, you also remove weeds around the bush, this is also very important. When you plant a gravilat in a permanent place, choose it very carefully, remember that he does not like transplanting a bush. It is possible to carry out a transplant, but not more often than once every 4 years. Thanks to her, after the plant is ill and takes root, it will bloom much more abundantly and develop more actively. As for an unscheduled transplant, this should be done only if the roots of the plant are affected by rot. This plant is very resistant, some varieties bring frosts down to -40 °, the standard temperature for them is 35. At this temperature, there is no need to insulate the plants for the winter. But still, you should initially study all the varietal characteristics of your shrub. If, nevertheless, you do not trust what is written and are afraid for your shrub, then take a little time and insulate it for your peace of mind. In late autumn, when light frosts are established, the shrub will need to be cut almost to the very ground. After the circumcision procedure, this place can be mulched for this, spruce branches or some kind of dense material are well suited. In principle, gravilat can be grown from seeds, but in this case there are some peculiarities. The germination of the seeds of this plant is very good, and for this method there are 2 options to plant the seeds immediately in open ground or to grow them at home on a windowsill as seedlings.
How to grow it from seeds.
If you want to grow a shrub as a seedling, then sow seeds, well, at the very beginning of spring. In the summer, you can take some small container to lay a drainage layer, and then fill it with fertile soil. The grooves for the seeds should be no deeper than 3 cm, and the distance between the grooves is about 7. Seeds must be laid out one by one, there must be a distance of at least 3 cm between them. After the seeds have been laid, they must be carefully covered with earth, sprayed with a spray bottle and covered with foil ... Until the very shoots, the container with the names should stand in a dark, warm place. You need to remove the film every day in order to ventilate the seeds and moisten the ground. After the seeds sprout, the film can be removed, and the container can be placed on the windowsill. On the windowsill, the container should stand until the standard warm weather becomes outside and below plus 15 °. After that, the seedlings can be planted in open ground, but before that, it is imperative to harden the plants for 2 weeks. This should be done gradually, every day, increasing the time the seedlings are on the street. Planting of seedlings can begin in the 2nd half of May. plants must be hardened before planting. So that the seeds can be sown directly into the open ground, this should be done in the spring, as soon as the earth warms up, you need to dig up a bed, make shallow grooves on it, the distance between which will be at least 10 cm.Seeds can be randomly scattered and the grooves can be covered with earth and tamped.After the seeds have been lost, the bed must be moistened, but it is also the best to do this from a spray bottle in order not to flood the soil and a crust that is young does not form on it. It will be very difficult, but in this case, the seeds will sprout much later. If the weather is hot, dry, then the seedbed needs to be watered every day, if everything is in order with the weather, then it is enough to do this every 2 days. When the seeds sprout and grow to 2 true leaves, then they need to be walked, and inserting at least 8 cm between each seedling.When the seedlings grow about 20 cm, then they can be transplanted to a permanent place, and the distance between each bush should be about half a meter ... In principle, seeds in open ground can be used not only in spring, but also in autumn, but in this case there is no guarantee that they simply will not freeze in winter. Although if you decide on such a planting, then there is absolutely no need to insulate the garden for the winter. If you carry out the correct planting and in the future you will properly care for your plants, then you will be thankful with active growth, lush foliage and long and beautiful flowering.
Division of the bush.
You can also propagate gravilat by dividing the bush, in principle, it is very simple and many gardeners choose this particular method. The divided parts take root very quickly in a new place, and if the planting pit was prepared correctly, then they will very quickly begin to actively develop. But everywhere there is a bush, in this case it can even start in the year of planting. It is necessary to divide the bush either in early spring, when the earth is already warmed up, or in early autumn. To do this, you need to dig out a large plant carefully and shake the whole earth well from the roots, take a sharp tool and divide it into several equal parts. Be sure to keep in mind that at least 3 growth points must remain on each part. If we consider which method is better for dividing a bush or growing seeds, then an unambiguous division of a bush is safer and easier, and most importantly faster. In general, it is not very actively used in landscape design, because it can decorate absolutely anyone. In recent years, it has become more and more popular among gardeners, because it is absolutely unpretentious.
Why is it worth planting this plant.
Bright, fairly large flowers, dense, bright green foliage simply never go unnoticed. It is best if gravilat grows next to brightly colored flowers. So perfect for decorating a garden path, it can also grow next to an artificial reservoir. If your bushes are tall enough, then its flowers are perfect to decorate your bouquet, and another one more advantage of this plant is that when you cut it, put a vase and it will stand fresh for a very long time. If you want this plant for your plots, you will definitely not regret it, and if you spend a little time and effort, then it will grow to your delight and the envy of your neighbors.