Violet Svetlana with large buds of a creamy lilac color with light green leaves. Stripes on leaves of different colors, this gives the plant even more beauty and variety in color, even when it is not blooming.
Violet Svetlana: description of the variety and characteristics
On the Internet, it is not so often you can find this plant, since not all growers know this species yet. The discoverer of this type of violet is the florist Elena Lebetskaya.
When characterizing plants, it is worth dwelling on the leaves, which play an important role in the decorativeness of the plant. Emerald-colored foliage with the addition of pinkish and snow-white leaves. The stems are tall. Ribbed edges at the leaves. The rosette is neat.
The inflorescence of the LE Svetlana violet variety is large, the size reaches up to seven centimeters, there are villi or smooth. They have a light purple color, petals are fragile, wavy. You may notice a slight blurring of the white color.
The plant is in relation to the snow-white buds edged in purple. Emerald foliage with yellow edging.
Violet Svetlana: growing and care
Violet Svetlana: photo of the variety
The most important thing for the plant is light. The flower will be more comfortable under artificial lighting, the lamps should be at a distance of twenty-five to thirty centimeters. Lighting should be from twelve hours a day.
You can also put the LE Svetlana violet variety on the windowsill, but you should choose the northeast or northwest of the house in the summer, and in the winter you can put it to the east or west of the house.
Attention! It is not advisable to place a container with a flower in the southern part of the house, the leaves of the plant do not tolerate direct sunlight, in which case the green color from the plant may disappear.
The room temperature should be between twenty one and twenty two degrees. if the temperature is higher, then the leaves will turn from variegated to solid green. Also, the higher the temperature, the smaller the size of the leaves. Each time the size of the leaves decreases, in the end they may not be rati at all.
- How to properly moisturize the plant?
It is not worth moistening the plant with hard, clean, acidic water. If you do not do this, then alkali can be added to the soil, so the plant will not receive nutrients. The water should settle for two days. For acidity, you can add apple cider vinegar or citric acid to the water.
You can moisturize like this:
- Top - Moisturize along the edge of the container in small doses.
- Bottom - a container with a plant is placed from twenty to thirty minutes on a tray with water.
- By the wick method - the plant itself absorbs a sufficient amount of moisture through a wick ranging in size from thirty to fifty millimeters. The lower part of the cord is passed through the drainage hole and placed in a jar of water.
Attention! The earth needs constant moisture. You should also watch that there is no stagnation in the soil, as well as drought.
- Nutrition rules
To properly feed a violet of the Svetlana variety, you need to know the following. Adjust the amount of nitrogen in your feed. Due to the large amount of nitrogen, the color of the leaves, its patterns may disappear, and there will be a solid dense green, the plant will no longer be so attractive.
Humus can be added to the soil a couple of times a month when the rosette is developing.When inflorescences are formed, minerals can be added, especially potassium and phosphorus.
Violet Svetlana: variety transplant
The soil should not be heavily saturated with fertilizers, you also need to monitor the nitrogen content in it, it should be small. If this is not followed, the plant will form with solid green leaves.
It is important to add pine needles to the soil, also peat, and sand from the coast. You also need to add vermiculite, it helps the soil not to compaction.
The container will need an average size of fifty to sixty millimeters for babies, seventy to eighty millimeters for teenagers, and ninety to one hundred twenty millimeters for mature plants. The first layer should be a drainage system, it is laid from a thirty to fifty millimeters layer.
Young plants need a transplant with their own earthen clod on the roots, put them in a large container and cover them with soil on top. When transplanted, mature flowers are cleared of old soil. You can moisten the plant only a day after transplanting.
Diseases and pests
If you take care of the violet variety Svetlana badly, then you can achieve rotting on its stems, and then:
- Late blight is a fungus that passes from the ground to the plant, due to the large amount of moisture. The leaves are covered with specks. In the fight, only Fitosporin solution will help. If the flower is already covered with a high degree of infection, then it cannot be cured. You can only tear off a healthy leaf and plant it by rooting.
- Fusarium is a fungus that can appear if moistened with cold water or poured over the ground. Symptom - the leaves begin to fade.
- Powdery mildew - a bloom of white color appears on the leaves. The disease occurs from the ground or from the ingress of dirty water. This can be due to lighting, cold, stagnation in the ground, a large amount of nitrogen in the diet. Fundazol or Topaz will help in the fight.
- Gray rot - the leaves begin to change color to red, first spots appear, then an accumulation of gray plaque begins on them. You can fight only with an early illness, cutting off diseased leaves, then you need to spray the plant with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Vascular bacteriosis - such a disease can occur in hot weather, the metabolism in the plant is lost. The leaves or stems become translucent, eventually crumbling. The rosette will fade for about fourteen or twenty days. As soon as you notice symptoms, immediately adjust the room temperature and disinfect the plant with Trichodermine.
Harmful insects: aphids, thrips, scale insects and false scale insects, nematodes, ticks, worms.
It is necessary to protect the violet variety Svetlana immediately, the plant attacked by the insect should be transplanted into another container, into new soil, cutting off all diseased shoots. Next, sprinkle with drugs for dysenfection, for example, Fitoverm, Aktara or Alarat.
Attention! If you see bulges on the roots, then the plant has been attacked by nematodes. In this case, the treatment is useless, the flower is sick and will soon die. If you want to leave offspring, then cut off a healthy leaf and root it, but before these disinfection with potassium permanganate is necessary.
Violet Svetlana: photo of the variety
There are two ways to propagate violets Svetlana - this is cuttings and pinching.
The time of the procedure is spring. from a flower you need to take a stem that is not young and not old, but so that it is neat and not injured. More often I use green leaves, because variegated ones are not so similar.
The leaf is cut to the middle, placed in a container with water one centimeter deep. As soon as small roots appear, ranging in size from ten to fifteen millimeters, it is planted in a container with soil of sand and peat, as well as with the addition of vermiculite.
Next, the leaf is covered with a film, so moisture holds better.Also, do not push the cutting too deep, because the seedlings will need to be given an effort to stretch towards the light.
The appearance of the first shoots can be in one and a half or two months. They have a white or cream color. Without parents, such seedlings will die. The main thing is that there are leaves on the shoots.
Therefore, the cuttings are fed with urea. Light is also important, constant and bright, so place the seedlings in the east and west of the house.
They can be transplanted only when leaves from forty to fifty millimeters in size appear on the shoots. The soil for replanting should not be dense.
Stepsons can be seen from the side below on the leaves, they are used as shoots. A rosette from such a stepson can develop from thirty to forty days. Only from eight to nine months does the plant begin to bloom.
It is better to do it during transplanting the plant. You also need to plant the stepsons separately from the rosette of the mother bush. If this is not done, then several plants will appear in one container, and in this case flowering is impossible.
Grasshopping is done very carefully, then the stepsons are transplanted into soil with sand, peat and always with vermiculite to loosen and develop the root system. With growth from thirty to forty millimeters, the rosettes can develop independently.
Violet Svetlana: reviews of gardeners
Elena Petrova: "I was presented with such a plant for my anniversary. I love this flower so much! I'm crazy about his beauty! If there are no rosettes, then the plant does not lose its attractiveness; in color, emerald leaves with pinkish and snow-white patterns, the leaves look like inflorescences. At inflorescence, the buds are so large, my flowers look like a big bouquet! There is practically nothing specific about leaving. My violet Svetlana pleases my eyes for a long time. "
Evgeniya Verteva: “I was fascinated by the plant for its size, the flowers are very large! And this is great! In the middle of the plant inflorescences appear, I can tell you gorgeous inflorescences! The leaves are wavy. It is easy to care for, but in hot areas it will not be easy for him, the color of the leaves changes to a solid green. Put it not so close to the light, you can be fifty centimeters, for example. I have a violet Svetlana on the shelves, and pleases with her inflorescence. "