Violet mother's heart
Violet is loved and popular, it is familiar to us from childhood, it decorated our balconies and window sills. A favorite of breeders for the ease of appearance of new varieties, and gardeners note its brightness. The plant has been cultivated for more than a dozen years, but for several centuries. "Saintpaulia" is slightly more expensive in comparison with other species, but this does not diminish its popularity among flower growers. Consider a rather interesting variety, namely the violet Mother's Heart
Violet Mother's heart: variety description and characteristics
Violet Mother's Heart: photo
The variety of violets Mother's Heart described in this article was obtained quite recently in two thousand and fourteen, by the violet grower A.P. Tarasov. The flowers of this beauty reach eight centimeters in diameter and are framed with a snow-white border around the perimeter. A lot of flowers are formed on one bush, they grow in a "shock". The plant itself is not spreading and not wide, such characteristics make it attractive and create individuality. Bright lemon-colored stamens are the end point of the mother's heart violet image
The flowering period is short, but it will be enough to get an aesthetic pleasure from the beauty of the culture. Over the years, the violet only improves, it grows, gains vitality, and with each next transplant, the color becomes only richer and eventually acquires a burgundy color. The texture and shape characteristic of the species is acquired, and the petals become wavy.
At the peak of its maturity, covered with beautiful flowers, the plant becomes beautiful, according to everyone who could see this beauty.
The leaf plates are smaller in comparison with the petals. The color of the leaves is faded green, and the shape sharpens to the upper edge, but they begin their growth from a flat rosette. The chaotic distribution of light and dark color does not leave anyone indifferent. Plant breeding is done with leaves. For this, only healthy leaf plates are selected, since only in this case the least stress will be applied to the mother bush during the separation process. This manipulation is performed as follows:
- The incision in the stem should be at a forty-five degree angle.
- The sheet is placed in a container with water (boiled or settled) at room temperature.
Violet water specialists recommend to disinfect the water by dissolving the “Carbo activatus” tablet in it.
The first violet roots You can see the mother's heart in about 10 - 14 days, this will indicate that it is time to start the next stage. The leaf is transferred into a container with soil and additional holes on its surface, which are made for better air exchange. The bottom is covered with a drainage layer on which the soil is laid out. For better growth and development, the earth is mixed with minerals such as hydromica or perlite. Violet leaf AB The mother's heart is deepened by three centimeters and the soil moisture is controlled by constant watering.
If you find that the distinguishing border on the petals is not bright or inconspicuous, you should switch to the method of breeding using the pinching method. The scheme for its implementation is the same as when separating the leaf, but you can take a chance and plant the seedling directly into the soil.
Violet Mother's Heart: planting varieties
Violet Mother's Heart: photo
After the violet variety AB Mother's Heart is transferred to the soil, better conditions should be maintained, at first a greenhouse climate is created.One of the options is a polyethylene (transparent) shelter with mandatory periodic ventilation, which in turn will contribute to the gradual adaptation of the culture to indoor conditions. After about thirty days, young shoots are formed, they must be planted.
Violet Mother's Heart: Care
Violet Mother's Heart: video
Variety of violets Mother's heart prefers light earth, otherwise the water does not pass well, which leads to rotting of the soil and roots. Fertilize the violet, the culture loves it very much.
Do not compact the soil with your hands, just sprinkle it on.
Violet Mother's heart will respond favorably if you add perlite, this rock allows the water to evenly saturate the earthen ball, and the space between the straits dries faster. The advantage of this fertilizer is that it cannot harm the plant.
The drainage layer is one of the mandatory items in the planting process; expanded clay would be an excellent option for its creation. Its light and porous structure is ideal for violets, first of all, when watering, it gets wet quickly, then gradually releasing moisture. You can also use peat moss. Many violet plants combine styrofoam and sphagnum when planting seedlings.
Variety of violets Mother's heart prefers diffused sunlight. Thus, a window closed with tulle is perfect for growing a flower. It is important not to allow direct sunlight, it can be detrimental to the culture. Adequate lighting equals 60% of growing success.
Do not let the violet freeze AB Mother's heart, this culture is thermophilic.
In the modern world, you can find containers of all sizes, colors and shapes, but when choosing a pot for the "Mother's Heart", give preference to not large and medium-weight flowerpots. In too voluminous containers, the violet grows strongly, and the flowering period begins after a long time.
Violet AB The mother's heart does not need frequent watering. The frequency of once every 3 - 4 days is quite enough. Water can be poured into the tray from the pot, this will prevent the formation of rot on the cuttings. After you have poured the water, the residues must be removed after thirty minutes. The temperature of the liquid should be at room temperature, the amount is always approximately the same.
To control the volume, gardeners use enemas, measuring cups, syringes.
Possible diseases of the violet AB Mother's heart
Violet Mother's Heart: photo
Violet The mother's heart can show signs of disease if the crop care rules are not followed. Direct sunlight will cause burns and yellowing of the leaf plates. If the growing temperature for violets is low, then this can cause the fungal disease Fusarium. Rotting of the green mass and root system, as well as the formation of mold appear when there is an excess of water in the soil. In addition, the ash fungus is periodically found.
The most common pests of violets AB Mother's heart: aphids, ticks. In this case, the infected areas are cut off, and the violet itself is the mother's heart is treated with special drugs.