Violets (their more official name is Saintpaulias) is perhaps one of the most common flowers, which is considered a classic indoor growing in any home. Every year there are more and more fans of violets, since these flowers combine the properties of unpretentiousness and, at the same time, they give an incredibly attractive and very decorative result. Breeders, realizing that violets are becoming more popular, and growers really love them, strive to bring out as many excellent and high-quality varieties of violets as possible. In 2011, another incredibly attractive and very interesting variety was bred, which was named the violet Isadora. In this article, we will dwell in more detail on the description of the most basic characteristics of this plant, and also talk about the intricacies of agricultural technology, because it is very important to properly care for the plant in order to get an excellent decorative result.
Violet Isadora: description of the variety and growing conditions
Isadora violet is a violet variety that has inflorescences colored in light pink or white shades. A distinctive feature of this variety is that there are decorative, contrasting spots on the flowers, which are painted in purple and dark lilac shades. All this greatly adorns the flowers, they are not boring, but stand out against the background of many other plantings. The flower generally looks incredibly decorative both as a single planting and as part of a flower arrangement. She can decorate absolutely any residential or office visit, become a pleasant and bright accent that will definitely attract attention from gardeners. Violet Isadora became very popular thanks to the Ukrainian breeder Elena Lebetskaya, and very soon spread to many other countries, including becoming very popular with Russian flower growers. It was Elena Lebetskaya who gave several characteristics to this variety, calling the flowers semi-double, but at the same time lush and bright. We will dwell in more detail on the varietal characteristics of this unusual, but very attractive plant.
The flower stalks form rather short, but at the same time they are very dense, on each peduncle there are from four to six attractive buds. For a long time, they do not bloom until the very end, and it takes about two weeks for full disclosure. The color of the peduncles is light, attractive and clear. Only petals that have just blossomed can be painted in a greenish tint. Basically, it is a delicate greenish edging, which disappears after a few days when the whole plant reaches the flowering stage. The rosette of this variety is medium in size, its shape is quite standard, in shape it does not stand out from other varieties and landings. The leaves are smooth, attractive. The variety can be propagated by cuttings, in addition, the planting materials will retain all the properties and most of the characteristics of the mother bush. Thanks to cuttings, you can also increase the fertility of the violet, make its flowering even more abundant.
Violet LE Isadora is a variety that belongs to the category of selectively bred.This means that gardeners have tried very hard to get an attractive and very interesting plant. In addition, this variety can have the so-called Isadora violet sports.
Isadora violet sports are flowers that can appear, but they will not be characteristic of this particular variety and this plant variety. To avoid this, not one, but several outlets should be brought to flowering so that one of them does not start growing in an arbitrary order and show some other signs of other varieties of violets, not Isadora.
The leaves of the plant have a semi-double variety. The shade can be different - there are medium green leaves, and there are also dark green leafy colors, which also look incredibly interesting and attractive. On the back, the leaves have a bright pink color, which is very pronounced, and which just indicates some feature of this plant, which is also worth paying attention to. This variety is also characterized by such a phenomenon as variegation - the leaves will not be painted in a pure green shade, but will have marble blotches or stains, which will make the flower even more attractive and decorative if we consider the planting from the point of view of enhanced decorativeness. Many people want to make the Isadora violet thus a bright accent among many other plantings, which will attract special attention. Therefore, the LE-Isadora violet is perfect for growing violets as a single crop, as well as growing it in a group planting. The leaves are more like hearts in shape, the edges are serrated, the roots are exactly the same - slightly serrated. Therefore, sometimes the leaves may look like they were torn a little, but in fact this is just one of the features of this variety and its external characteristics. Further in the article, we will consider some of the subtleties of agricultural technology and caring for this plant, which should be taken into account in order to get an excellent and attractive planting in the future. Only well-groomed violets that feel supported by gardeners will be able to demonstrate excellent external qualities, as well as less likely to be exposed to diseases or attacks from pests and bacteria.
Violet Le Isadora: Agrotechnics (watering, feeding, reproduction)
Grooming is a very important part of the life of any planting. If the gardener can choose the right agrotechnical tactics, then he will certainly get wonderful planting results. In order for the violet Isadora to delight the gardener with its flowering and attractive appearance as long as possible, it is necessary that the florist himself creates all the most suitable and favorable conditions for the plant, the microclimate. It is worth immediately emphasizing that the violets, which belong to the Usambar group, are whimsical, and their temper is rather capricious. And that is why it can take a lot of time to care for a plant, so a florist should be patient and take into account some of the nuances and subtleties. In our article, we will help you to sort out all the numerous information on the shelves, so that it would be easier for the gardener to navigate in a large amount of information.
Temperature control and lighting
The Isadora violet is distinguished by the fact that it reacts very well to heat, and in general the planting is considered especially thermophilic when compared with some other plants. It is for this reason that in the room where the violet lives, it is worth maintaining a comfortable air temperature, and at any time of the year in the daytime the temperature should be from 22 to 24 degrees, and at night the temperature can be reduced to 18 degrees, but not lower.Only in such temperature conditions can a violet grow very healthy and attractive, the bush will be very strong, and its inflorescences will be incredibly bright and attractive - all this will delight the gardener himself, but he should try very hard to create the most favorable conditions. If the temperature is below the limits indicated by us, then this can lead to the development of diseases, and in general low temperatures are generally not allowed if we are talking about any violets of any variety and variety. The plant immediately begins to lose its attractiveness, becomes rather weakened, the flowers themselves may not tie at all, and if the inflorescences have formed, then they are unlikely to be quite attractive and decorative.
The plant also reacts very negatively to sudden changes in temperature, sudden gusts of wind, and drafts. That is why you should not place violets on window sills, where windows, balcony doors or vents constantly open nearby. Otherwise, the flower will again weaken, with all its appearance it will demonstrate that it is very uncomfortable for it and, as a result, the planting will be as ugly as possible. Next, I would like to touch on the question of what should be the lighting for planting.
In order for the LE Isadora violet to show full development and growth, it needs at least 12 hours a day to get good lighting. If the plant lacks lighting, then this will primarily affect its growth and development. In regions where natural sunlight cannot be achieved in such an amount due to climatic and other conventions, then it is worth trying to additionally highlight the plantings. For this, phytolamps, fluorescent lamps, which are basically designed to simulate sunlight, are ideal. As for lighting with phytolamps, they must have a special yellow spectrum, which is best perceived by plants. You should also avoid direct sunlight on violets, especially on sockets. If the plant experiences an overabundance of lighting, then the leaves will gradually begin to lose their attractiveness, they will fall, there will be a risk that direct sunlight will cause burns to the leaf part. this will affect not only the external characteristics, but also the health, the general condition of the plant.
It is in connection with such subtleties in lighting that the best place to grow Isadora violets are window sills with an east or west orientation. If you install containers with a plant on the north side, then it will lack sunlight, especially in the autumn-winter and early spring periods. If a violet of the LE-Isadora variety is on the sill of a window with a south orientation, then the scorching sun will very quickly destroy the planting. However, the gardener can calmly shade the windows, stick a film on the glass that will reflect the light. You can also hang tulle on the window, then the light will be favorable, diffused. In general, in the diffused warm light, the violet feels most comfortable, will give excellent results of growth and development, will show beautiful decorative inflorescences that will surprise both the grower himself and the guests who visit his house and examine violets.
Like any other Saintpaulia, the Isadora violet responds very well to regular watering, which, at the same time, must be moderate so as not to cause some damage to the plant. The soil should be moistened about twice a week during the warm season. When the plant falls into a dormant state, the period of which falls in October-February, then the frequency of watering can be reduced - it will be enough to add moisture once a week so that the plant continues to function normally even in a state of almost complete dormancy.Due to excess moisture, as well as if there is not enough water for the plant, the violet will show with all its appearance that it feels very bad, and such manifestations can affect it in the most destructive way. The leaves begin to fade, the flowering stops abruptly altogether, which becomes the first signals that it is better to change something in the care, and most likely this "something" is precisely the schedule for introducing moisture into the soil.
Violet Isadora: photo
How to water the Isadora violet variety
For watering, you should use only settled water at room temperature, it should be soft and warm. Melt water, rainwater is also suitable. If water is taken from the tap, then it is either defended beforehand for several days, or filtered several times to remove all harmful salts and components from its composition. Watering should be very careful, since in no case should moisture be allowed to get on the leaves, inflorescences or the growing point itself - that is,. Inside the outlet itself. In general, in order to water a violet of the Isadora variety, a florist can use several basic methods of irrigation, which, by the way, will also be relevant for watering some other varieties and varieties of crops.
We list these irrigation methods and point out some of their features and characteristics:
- water supply from above - it is recommended to use a watering can with a very thin spout for watering in this way in order to supply moisture directly under the root and not touch the leaf part and the outlet
- moistening violets through the pallet - in this case, the pot with the violet is placed in a container filled with water and left in this form for fifteen minutes or half an hour - depending on the size of the container with the plant itself, as well as on how dry the earthen lump is. Only then should all the liquid be removed from the pallet. Such watering perfectly saturates the plant, but do not overdo it, since waterlogging does not have the best effect on planting, especially on the root system - the roots begin to gradually rot
- wick method of watering violets - in this case, watering is carried out by drip with the help of a cord, which is brought into the water at one end, and at the other end it is directed into the substrate. This method has the advantage - the violet will take exactly the amount of moisture it needs in a specific period of time, which means there is a low risk that the plant and soil will be waterlogged.
The violet of the LE-Isadora variety is very fond of high air humidity, but at the same time it is recommended to spray the air from a spray bottle at a sufficient distance from the plant itself. In addition, you can turn on a humidifier in the room, you can put several containers filled with water near the containers with violets so that the moisture evaporates and humidifies the air around the plantings. It is strictly forbidden to spray the bushes close, as this can lead to the development of diseases on the leafy part, and the plant simply cannot withstand them - the result will be the death of the plantings.
Violet Isadora: photo
Fertilizing the violet variety LE-Isadora
Violet Isadora varieties are very demanding for regular fertilization. Top dressing can be carried out with the help of minerals, as well as with the help of organic fertilizers. They can be alternated with each other, while doing this very carefully, so that suddenly the plant does not experience shock and does not get sick. In general, you should focus on the general condition and appearance of the plant, and based on this, draw up a planting schedule, sometimes changing it. If the grower introduces nutrients in a timely manner and in the correct amount, then flowering will take place throughout the year, and the plant will feel great.In addition, top dressing directly affects the level of planting immunity, as well as its stress resistance to some not always favorable manifestations. Experienced flower growers recommend applying top dressing every 10-14 days, but much will depend on what phase of life and what cycle the violet is in - here the composition of fertilizers can also change. For example, young violets need a gardener to add components with a high nitrogen content, since it is this trace element that acts to ensure that the green mass of the plant grows as quickly as possible and is bright and abundant.
When the violets of Isadora begin to form buds, as well as during flowering, the plant needs nitrogen components to be minimized. The main emphasis at this time should be on the introduction of potash and phosphorus-containing dressings. They directly affect the decorative effect of flowering, its duration and vibrant properties. The most important thing, of course, is to follow the instructions for use, not to apply too much fertilizer at a time, otherwise the plant may simply not stand it, painful signs will begin to form, which will just say that the gardener has violated the agrotechnical requirements in some way , and it is necessary to change the intensity of fertilizing and the schedule of their introduction, so as not to make the planting even worse.
For different violets of different varieties and types, different soil mixtures are needed. But there is also a general requirement for the soil mixture - it must pass air well, because the root system must be saturated with oxygen in order to be healthy and give the plant strength to develop as it should. If we talk specifically about the violet variety Isadora, then she prefers a soil mixture to a greater extent, which includes peat, perlite, vermiculite. You can add a small amount of crushed charcoal. It is also worth adding a little sphagnum moss, as it perfectly disinfects the soil, being a natural antiseptic, can help the plant fight fungal growths, and in general, this moss is an excellent antibacterial component that is really very useful for the plant. Also, the soil should be well-drained, because the stagnation of moisture in the soil, its waterlogging leads to the fact that very dangerous diseases develop in the root system and, as a result, the plant can get sick, lose immunity and die after a while.
Compact and narrow enough containers for planting are perfect for violets. It is optimal to take pots with a diameter of about twelve centimeters with low sides. If the container for planting is smaller, then it is likely that very soon the plant will become very cramped in such a pot, since the root system of young violets grows and develops very intensively. Due to the fact that the plant will be cramped, it will begin to wilt. But if, on the contrary, the pot will be very wide, then this will also not lead to anything good - the whole point is that the violet has a tendency to entangle with its roots the entire earthy clod in which it grows. If the root system develops very abundantly, then the plant will not have the strength to build up the green mass. There is one more thing, in the ground, which is covered by the root system, an abundant accumulation of moisture begins, and the soil becomes waterlogged. This can lead to the fact that putrefactive formations begin to develop inside the root system, and the roots will simply begin to die. Together with them, the whole plant will die, so the choice of container for planting should also be taken very carefully and not ignore such subtleties and nuances. As for the materials from which containers are made for planting violets, it is best to use ceramic or clay pots.Their structure is porous, which means that they will pass oxygen to the root system. In them, the violet will feel most comfortable and, accordingly, will develop correctly.
Violet Isadora does not respond very well to transplantation into another container. But if it happened that the plant grew out of its pot, then it can become very cramped in the container, because of which it will cease to look like a healthy plant, it will gradually fade, wither. In this case, it is necessary to transplant the violet into a more voluminous pot, but here some rules and regulations must be followed. It should be borne in mind that, unlike many other indoor crops that need regular, planned transplantation, as well as replacing the topsoil with a fresh one, violets can react very negatively to such manipulations, and they will end very badly for the plant itself. and, of course, for the florist. The roots of violets are located close to the surface, so if the grower changes the topsoil, then it is highly likely that it injures the root system, and the plant will die after a while.
Depending on the purpose for which the gardener has planned the transplant of Saintpaulias, it can be organized not in one, but in two whole main ways:
- complete replacement of the old substrate - this measure is considered forced when the plant has contracted a disease, or the soil deteriorated over time, became depleted and poor, solid, stopped allowing moisture and air to pass through. In this case, it is recommended to very carefully remove the flower from the container, clean the roots from the soil that has adhered to them, and do all this very carefully. Dead or damaged elements of the root system must be cut off, the cut sites are immediately processed with ash in order to disinfect them. After that, the violet should be placed in a pot, which is pre-filled with fresh soil mixture
- transshipment - this method of transplanting violets is required when the plant has become cramped in an old pot, and it needs to be transplanted into a larger container. In this case, the violet is removed together with the old earthen lump and carefully placed in a previously prepared new pot, all empty places are filled with fresh substrate. It is also imperative to install a drainage layer at the bottom of the container. The growth point should be at ground level, and in general with the transshipment, you should also be very careful so that the roots do not come off along with the earthy lump.
How the violet Isadora reproduces
Violet Isadora: photo of the variety
I would also like to talk a little about the reproduction of Isadora violets. Can be propagated using leaves, as well as in such a way as rosette cuttings. If the gardener chose leaf propagation, then the healthiest and most viable leaf of all should be chosen, then carefully cut it off along with the petiole. Slices are made with a tool that is sharply sharpened and disinfected in advance. It is also worth keeping in mind that you only need to take the leaves that are located below, and the upper leaves will not work for further reproduction of violets - they do not have the growth force required in this case. An oblique cut is made on the petiole, left for about thirty minutes so that it dries a little. After this time, it is necessary to place the leaf in a glass with its leg down and send it to a place that will be well lit. As soon as the leaf gives the first root shoots, it is necessary to place it in a ready-made substrate, so that further planting materials take root there, and so that the bush gets used to its permanent place. If we talk about the method of grafting, then the technology there is approximately identical. The outlet is carefully removed, kept in water, and after the first roots appear, it is planted in a permanent place.If you follow all the subtleties and rules, then even that florist who has no particular experience in this matter can cope with planting and reproduction. You can also watch some training videos, from which it also becomes clear how to properly propagate plantings. Videos can be found in a wide variety of video resources, as well as on forums.
Violet Isadora: photo of the variety
So, in this article we got acquainted with a wonderful violet, which is called Le Isadora. It produces flowers that are painted in attractive pale pink or white shades, on the petals, to create even more decorativeness, there are very interesting blotches of very bright colors - hot pink, purple or lilac. It is they who stand out against the background of the flower, and make the whole planting incredibly attractive and interesting. The violet Isadora is part of the Gesneriev family - in other words, it is a Saintpaulia planting, which has all the characteristic features of indoor violets. The buds have very fleshy and strong petals, they are round and soft, since they have almost imperceptible pubescence.
Of course, this variety looks very elegant, since the fleshy green pubescent leaves contrast with the delicate pink spotted flowers, which are also not smooth, but with small villi. Together, violets become a real exquisite decoration, they can look great as single plantings, they are not lost. But even better, Isadora violets are combined with some other varieties, so you can display them on the windowsill next to other varietal Saintpaulias. One of the features of violets is that, regardless of their variety, almost everyone needs the same agrotechnical and caring measures. In this case, violets are unpretentious, so even those gardeners and florists who had absolutely no experience before that can cope with caring for them. The most important thing is to create a microclimate for planting, take into account the needs of the variety, some of its features in watering and lighting, and in this case, an incredibly decorative result can be achieved, and the plant itself will be strong, with a high level of immunity and stress resistance.
It is worth taking time to care for the Isadora violet, even despite the fact that the creators and experienced gardeners themselves talk about the unpretentiousness of the plant. Some features are worth emphasizing - for example, watering the planting according to the schedule, and applying fertilizers according to the same schedule to make the plant feel much better. Of course, both experienced gardeners and those who are just starting their path in floriculture should be careful, because the health of the plantings depends on them. Watering the LE Isadora violets should be regular, the lighting should be bright but diffused, and the feeding should be extremely suitable for the violets. You should also pay attention to the planting of Isadora violets - here it is worth keeping in mind the general condition of the soil, the composition of the soil and the capacity in which this plant will grow in the future. In general, for each variety, you can pick up an individual soil - you can buy it in stores or nurseries, or you can do it yourself. The same applies to the choice of planting material - it is worth purchasing LE-Isadora violets only from trusted sellers. Only in the case when comprehensive care and agricultural technology is organized, the florist will receive the most amazing and truly satisfactory result.
Violet Isadora: video about the variety