Ehmeya belongs to the genus bromeliads. The family includes about one hundred and eighty varieties. Such a flower can be found in regions in the center or in the south of America. The translation of the plant's name means - "The tip of the peak", you can immediately understand by what, by the shape of the flower.
Ehmeya flower: plant description
Very diverse varieties of ehmea, there are terrestrial, and there are epiphytic ones. Of her family, only Ehmeya has thorns on the leaves. Feels like the leaves are dense, as well as soft, dark green. Grown from berries, the so-called fruits.
Today, the ehmeya plant is very important for growing in gardens, and this does not depend on the fact that the flower has one inflorescence per season. at home, the flower does not require special care.
- Inflorescence - the period from June to September or March.
- Light - Adequate light is needed, but not direct rays.
- Temperature - in the summer from twenty-two to twenty-six degrees, in the winter from fifteen to eighteen degrees.
- Moisturizing - in the summer, it is necessary to moisten the soil as soon as it begins to dry on top. In good positive weather, you need to water the plant with non-cold water. After the flowering of the plant, only the earth is watered, and only after the earth is half dry.
- The humidity of the room is a little more than the middle, the flower must be sprayed often, you can also add wet soil to the pallet.
- Nutrition - from April to August, the din plant is fed once every two or three weeks, in September once a month, starting in December, one top dressing every forty-five days. Apply a special remedy for Ehmeya.
- Rest time is practically not noticeable.
- Transplanting - the beginning of the operation in April, when the inflorescence passes, and all dry leaves are cut off.
- Earth - it should contain peat, compost from leaves, sand.
- Reproduction - seeds, grains, offspring.
- Pests - thyroid glands, aphids, root-swallowing worms.
- Viruses - plant decay, the plant does not bloom, viral spots. It is important to properly care for the plant!
- The disadvantage is that the plant may cause spots on the human skin in the form of irritation.
Ehmeya flower: home care
The ehmeya plant loves the west and east, so it is recommended to put Ehmeya in these parts of the house. The problem is that the flower can burn out from the direct sun. Thus, if the plant is placed on other parts of the house, then it is necessary to hide them from the sun in the morning. In good weather, the plant can be moved outside, but this should not be done immediately, otherwise the leaves of the plant will dry out. Lighting should also be given gradually, not immediately.
Ehmeya sparkling variety does not tolerate the sun or with difficulty. Therefore, such a flower is grown in the shade. But Ehmeya, curved, on the contrary, loves the sun very much, because with a small amount of light, the color of the plant fades, and the flowers lose their beauty.
In summer, the ehmeya plant must be transferred to a room with a temperature of twenty-two to twenty-six degrees, and in winter, on the contrary, to a place where it is colder from fifteen to eighteen degrees. the temperature also depends on the night and day, it can also be interrupted, this progresses the formation of the plant.
Fresh air for the flower is also considered a big plus, so it is necessary to open the windows in the room where Ehmeya is standing, but you also need to make sure that there are no through winds. Not all varieties need aeration, but insulation is necessary in winter.
For the development of the echmea plant, it is also necessary to take into account the correct watering, respectively, this is done by a bush in the center. Ehmeya should not be watered with hard, clean and warm water.
From April to August, you need to moisten the soil regularly, it is important to pour water directly into the center of the flower. Watering ehmeya is carried out after the soil dries out from above. Since September, it is worth moisturizing less often under the plant. In winter, it is worth carefully moisturizing the flower, and also sprinkling the plant with care.
Important! As the inflorescence passes, it goes into dormancy, it is impossible to moisten the flower in the outlet, so the plant will begin to rot and then die.
- AIR HUMIDITY
Ehmeya tolerates low humidity, which appears in autumn during heating. In order for the plant to be comfortable and to form, the humidity must be higher. Therefore, the plant must be sprayed from the polarizer with clean water at room temperature, and the container can also be placed on top of wet rubble.
For the development of the plant, I feed it all year round. Fertilizers can be natural as well as mineral. From April to August, nutrients are added to the ground once every fourteen or twenty-one days, from September once a month, and in winter one top dressing every one and a half months.
The most common option for the development of plant inflorescences is this: Ehmeyu is placed in a container with a bag with a couple of apples, a bag is tied, and all this is set for ten or fourteen days. After three or four months, you can expect an inflorescence.
- HOW CORRECT TO REPROT THE PLANT?
For planting echmea, the most common container is suitable. The first layer is the drainage of peat, leaves and crushed stone. Ordinary soil is also used, which includes compost fertilizers and leaves, and brick chips are also included in it. It is necessary to change the growing place in the spring, when the inflorescence passes, all dry leaves are cut off. There is also a special soil for planting Ehmeya, which can be purchased at gardening stores.
- HARMFUL FROM PLANT
The plant contains a poisonous substance that affects human skin in the form of irritation. Therefore, you need to grow this plant with gloves. After all procedures with the plant, wash your hands with soap.
- BREEDING BY SLEEPING
To propagate echmeya by division, for this they select the time and date, for example, the beginning of March, separate small branches from the plant, they will not make you wait for the first roots when transplanting into another container. In the old plant, where the branches were cut, the wounds are treated, if this is not done, the flower will begin to rot. For the smallest and youngest, small planting containers are used, which are later filled with earth.
- SEED BREEDING
If you want, you can grow Ehmeya using seeds. But at the same time, there are disadvantages, such a process is longer and more difficult, and not all grown flowers will be similar to the variety.
First of all, we select a container, then put fern roots, peat. There is practically no need to look after. The main thing is to put the container in a warm dark room from twenty-two degrees to twenty-four. It is necessary to ventilate and moisturize. After the trimester, the sprouts need to be transplanted into special growing soil. Then after a year, the seedlings can be planted in special soil for adult plants. During the growing period, the culture should be moistened, both the soil and the leaves from the dispenser, it is important to observe the room temperature, it should be from twenty to twenty-six degrees.
Diseases and pests
- A disease of the leaves may occur, for example, they will be brown, this comes from the cold. But it may start because of the rotting of the plant.
- Lack of light is not bad for all plants, but many can stop blooming, and the leaves begin to fade, and their color is lost.
- Pests are the most common of the minuses in the garden.Ehmeya can be damaged by aphids, scale insects, as well as parasites that destroy roots. You can save a flower only with the help of special preparations; it can be purchased and can be found in shops for gardeners.
- EHMEY WEILBACH
I also call it lamprococcus in another way. The plant looks quite fascinating in appearance, its leaves, collected in a rosette, look very beautiful, the size reaches fifty centimeters, the ends of the leaves are sharp with small thorns. Their color is greenish and scarlet. The size of the plant is up to one and a half meters with small scarlet leaves. Buds, on a vernal appearance, as brushes. Their color is scarlet. The petals are purple, sometimes bluish, with a white center.
- ECHMEA DOUBLE
The plant can grow in the ground as well as on the ground. The size of the plant reaches one hundred centimeters. The ends of the leaves are sharp, green in color, from three centimeters in width, about one and a half meters long. in the middle you can see small brown spines located nearby. The size of the stem with flowers is from sixty centimeters. The color of the buds is lilac, and the small flowers are scarlet. The variety of the plant is very diverse in appearance: it happens that the leaves can be with white stripes, as well as other varieties.
- ECHMEA BENT
This type of ehmei is very diverse in cultivation. In one bush, you can count about twelve leaf plates. The size is from one and a half meters, in width to fifteen millimeters, with small spines, pointed at the end. The stem with buds grows up to twenty centimeters. The size of scarlet inflorescences can grow up to twenty-five millimeters. The inflorescence occurs in April.
The middle itself can grow up to fifteen centimeters. Leaves look up. About thirty centimeters in size, also with small thorns, scarlet in color, and pinkish inflorescences.
- EHMEYA COSMATAYA
The size of an echmea can reach up to one hundred centimeters, and its leaves are up to fifty millimeters wide. The leaves are oval in shape, with small thorns, the flowers are like spikelets, scarlet, and the small flowers are yellow. Inflorescence time is winter.
- EKHMEYA MATOVO - RED
Such a plant looks like a large cluster of leaves, about fifty centimeters in size. The color is green, in the middle of the outlet you can observe a lilac color. Leaves with small thorns, and scales can also be seen. The stem with buds looks upward in scarlet color. The inflorescence looks like a trapezoid. The petals are scarlet and blue. Fuchsia inflorescences. This flower is forming all the time.
- ECHMEA STRIPED
This plant can grow up to one hundred centimeters. Echmea leaves striped greenish silver color with small scales. The inflorescence is about thirty centimeters in size, pinkish leaves. inflorescences change shade, may be scarlet, or may be blue. Above you can see the fluff.
- ECHMEA GLITTERING
The leaves of this plant are similar to straps, about fifty centimeters in size, greenish in color. The ends of the leaves are oval, with small thorns. The color of the buds is fuchsia. It can grow up to one hundred small flowers.
The plant can be scarlet with leaves, and greenish on the other side.
- ECHMEA TAIL
The leaves of such a plant are bright greenish in color. You may notice a pastel yellowish tint. On this echmea, small flowers of gold color ripen.