Each gardener is faced with the question of which variety of tomato to choose for planting on his site, the choice occurs in many parameters: good taste and appearance, stable immunity to various diseases, unpretentiousness in growing conditions, a suitable variety for your climatic conditions. The task is really difficult, because nowadays there is a very large selection, hundreds of different varieties and hybrids on the shop windows. Almost every type of bag says that you will get the best yield with the best qualities. But you shouldn't really trust such advertising. The package also contains other information that is of an informational nature, this information can be valuable to you. In addition to a brief description on the label, you can find words such as - determinant and indeterminate varieties. This is worth focusing on. Many people have a question, what does this mean, words that are even difficult to pronounce, let alone understand. Ask, what kind of variety do you need? In our article, we will most easily and briefly analyze the concept and advantages of one type or another.
Indeterminacy means large enough sizes. Simply put, tomato varieties under this definition are capable of reaching very impressive sizes in growth, the ceiling of the greenhouse is not the limit of growth, it can continue further, and new brushes are formed and the formation takes place quite qualitatively, such varieties have acquired a second name - tall, capable of developing to the limit.
If the conditions are comfortable enough for representatives of such varieties, growth and fruiting can occur throughout the year. The most amazing thing is that up to 50 brushes can grow on each individual bush. Before flowering, about 10 developed leaves should form. We grow seedlings for about two months, already 3 months after transplanting the seedlings to a permanent place, you can taste the first ripe tomatoes.
Determinant varieties of tomatoes.
The peculiarity of tomatoes of this variety is that they have a limit in growth, it is not infinite, they have a limited formation of the number of brushes, no more than eight per bush, after the formation of the last brush, the growth of the bush stops.
There are two groups of determinant varieties:
Standard varieties are of low growth, have a strong, thickened stem, ripening occurs relatively early, seedlings are not more than 45 days old, after three months of cultivation, fruiting begins. One bush has no more than three brushes.
Medium-sized varieties of tomatoes grow no more than a meter, the seedlings are about 50 days old, fruiting begins after three and a half months. Representatives of such varieties are quite fruitful, about 7-8 brushes for each bush.
Differences in care.
The question still arises as to which varieties to buy for your site, who to give preference to, taking into account all the varietal characteristics. In this situation, you still need to build on what efforts you can put into caring for the crop, what funds can you afford to invest, what conditions do you have for growing tomatoes? Given the answers to all of the above questions,we can say the following: one of the main advantages of determinant tomatoes is fruiting for a long time. The crop ripens gradually, so tomatoes can be harvested throughout the fruiting period. The total amount of harvest from each bush is about a bucket, while at least the standard minimum for care must be observed. There are also small troubles, in order to get the desired result, you must apply at least a minimum of proper crop care. The stem of such varieties must be formed into one stem, strictly cutting off all stepchildren, remove excess foliage. It is imperative to tie it to the trellis, otherwise the branches will simply break off from the height and weight of the formed brushes.
Medium-sized determinant varieties begin to bear fruit much earlier, they do not need a constant garter, once is enough, since the size of the bush is much smaller and there is more space for arbitrary growth. No obstructions of space in the greenhouse are formed. If you make every effort in caring for such varieties, then you can easily get about a bucket of harvest from each bush. But we will immediately prioritize - we will have to work hard when choosing such varieties.For standard varieties, the beginning of summer is the start for the first harvest, there is no need to tie up such a variety, and cultivation can be carried out even in ordinary pots, the tomato feels great and bears fruit with proper care, even in minimum quantities. There is still a minus, the harvest is removed one-time, in the future the plant can only serve as a decoration for a windowsill or a balcony, a garden plot. When choosing this or that variety, ask questions for yourself: how much crop you would like to harvest, grow a tomato for your own consumption, harvesting or for sale, be sure to evaluate the climatic conditions of living, the presence of a greenhouse is also an important point when choosing a tomato variety suitable for you.
One important point!
In those areas (areas) where there is a cold climate, tomatoes, in principle, cannot be grown without minimal shelter. The presence of a greenhouse is mandatory and determinant varieties are suitable here. If the summer heat is short, tomatoes will still give a good harvest.
Living in the middle lane, also opt for determinant varieties. Even outdoors, you can get an excellent harvest. The choice of indeterminate varieties implies a shelter from the cold.
If the climate of residence is southern, you can choose absolutely any variety, in the warmth all varieties are fine, they feel comfortable and bear fruit.
One of the important points in obtaining a good harvest is the age of the seedlings at the time of planting in the ground. For an excellent result, it is recommended to sow the seeds at different times. How to calculate the required moment for sowing. Subtract the recommended age from the number of transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, be sure to add about a week, then the time required for germination of seeds before the formation of the first shoots. In the event that the seeds are planted ahead of schedule, the plant may simply not receive all the energy it needs. Late sowing of seeds also carries disastrous consequences, the tomato simply will not be able to fully develop and hence all the conclusions, there will be no harvest, well, or a very minimal amount.
Features of growing determinant varieties.
The tomato is that vegetable, without which it is very difficult to appear the table of any person. Tomato is an essential component of any diet. Many amateur gardeners and even beginners prefer tomatoes of their own cultivation, the store option is not even considered. Therefore, the choice of planting material is approached with special preference, choosing seedlings or already mature plants of a suitable variety. As mentioned above, all varieties and types of tomato are divided into two types: determinant and indeterminate.The words only sound complicated, but the concepts of these definitions are very simple. The difference mainly lies in the size of the bush and, accordingly, it needs to be formed or not. Only the necessary correct choice and appropriate care will allow you to enjoy a magnificent harvest, tasty and high-quality, and most importantly, an environmentally friendly product. The disadvantage of indeterminate varieties is late ripening and painstaking care. Minimum deviations from the rules of watering and carrying out top dressing can lead to a decrease in yield and significantly slow down the development of the plant.
Determinant varieties can be considered in more detail, they are the easiest to care for and grow. A clear difference in the growth of the bush, much lower and the early maturity of the crop.
When choosing the latter option, you can evaluate the economic and practical benefits:
- the time for growing and material costs for care are minimal;
-increased productivity, which is very good with a small area of the site;
-compact, low bush allows you to grow up to 4 plants per square meter;
-Early ripening of tomato allows you to enjoy delicious fruits in the very near future.
The downside is the size of the tomato, each fruit of a non-standard shape, looks unaesthetic if, for example, you grow tomatoes for sale.
Continuing to talk about the advantages of this variety, we note that it is possible to grow in a greenhouse and open field. But approach the choice of soil with caution. Habitual greenhouse conditions allow you to get a decent harvest under the most unfavorable climatic conditions, without shelter, plants are very vulnerable, they can easily suffer from a minimum temperature drop, even strong winds and unpredictable heavy rainfall will bring many difficulties, a complete loss of the crop is possible.
The planting method is not the only parameter by which the determinant varieties can be divided into subspecies. The formation of inflorescences and fruits is another item of subdivisions.
The peculiarity is the early setting of fruits, already at the level of 7-8 leaves, but after the formation of 2-3 ovaries, the growth stops. Conclusion is the minimum-limited amount of harvest, but the plus is that all this happens at the same time
In this variant, inflorescences are formed above 8-9 leaves, in the amount of 5-6 flowers. In this type, the yield is higher, and there is also the possibility of artificially increasing the yield.: Stepchildren are subject to molding, hence the ripening period of the tomato increases.
Inflorescences are formed only above 11-12 leaves, even when about 4 shoots are formed, lateral ones, up to 12 pieces of inflorescences are also tied on them. The growth of the bush stops after the formation of a lateral shoot. The ripeness of the fruits is not simultaneous; during the entire growing season, it is possible to harvest.
Another parameter for dividing determinant varieties is the goal, for which you, in principle, started growing tomato:
- for conservation, preferably varieties with small fruits and a fairly dense texture are planted;
- for fresh consumption, mainly for salads, gardeners grow pink varieties;
- for all other processing (for example, juice, sauces, pasta and much more), the choice stops on large-fruited tomatoes.
Each crop requires not only standard care, agrotechnical rules, but also take into account varietal characteristics, implies additional costs of time, money, and effort, and in some cases, on the contrary, everything is quite simple.
Hybrids of determinant origin are very difficult to assimilate the necessary useful elements, which implies regular feeding. Seedlings are initially placed in prepared holes, that is, with the addition of organic fertilizers.The hole must be made strictly according to the size of the root system of each bush, no more, but no less, for comfortable growth and easy adaptation after transplantation. We observe the distance between plants, it should be at least 50 cm, in some cases even more. If the tomatoes are planted in rows, you must observe the distance between the rows 60 cm. It is necessary to plant seedlings for open ground only when even the slightest threat of frost or just a cold snap has passed. The usual time is mid-June. Late varieties of course can be planted in May, but temporary shelter is needed, without this in any way, otherwise you can significantly harm the crop. Late-ripening varieties have the peculiarity of taking root very quickly and already at the end of June, with proper care, you can get the first harvest.
INThere are several points of proper care:
- throughout the entire period of growth, careful weeding of the bust area is required;
- carry out hilling, but you must first add organic matter and mineral fertilizers. Each environment has its own regularity of dressings and hilling stages;
- carry out pinching (extra shoots can take on part of the plant's nutrition, which will significantly reduce the growth and proper development of the tomato, and in the future the minimum yield is not of the best quality), the tops of the plant, the stem, it is better to pinch, it increases, branching is stimulated;
-regular, necessary, or even enhanced watering, especially during dry periods;
- prevention and control of diseases and pests is not the last point in the procedure for caring for tomatoes.
As a conclusion, the above can be highlighted: the mandatory choice of a variety is not according to beautiful advertising, but varietal recommendations and features; be sure to study all the recommendations on the package with seeds, on special sites, listen to the advice of experienced gardeners; analyze the relationship of the selected variety to your area and climate, such a point is essential for best results.
Early maturing determinant tomato.
Whether you achieve the desired result depends on the choice of a variety for growing outdoors, climatic conditions are one of the important factors in growing a delicious tomato. The temperate climate allows you to enjoy early ripening tomatoes.
Usually, analyzing weather conditions over several years, we can say that the second half of summer is more abundant in rains. And dampness is a weather minus, in which Phytophthora, a disease of fungal origin, can easily form, and the fungus spreads quickly enough. It is necessary to fight the disease at an early stage, invest possible funds and efforts, only such care can save your long-awaited harvest. You can, of course, solve the problem differently, for example, grow on the site only varieties of an early ripening period, before the period of mass infections with late blight. And in other matters, in both cases, it is necessary not to forget about the methods of prevention, believe me, in 50% of cases, it will help save the harvest, even prevent the appearance of sores.
Characteristic. Outdoor cultivation.
The term “determinance” itself includes the full characteristics of the crop variety, in short: plant growth is limited, but the amount of the harvested crop increases, the degree of ripening begins earlier. The choice of the method of planting seedlings, tomatoes can give their first harvest in late June-early July.
The type of standard tomatoes-the formation of a bush does not require, as well as a special tying. Only if at the base it is possible to tie a solidly thick stem of the plant to a small peg. A tomato of this type looks decorative, in appearance it is similar to a tree. Already the very first brush, capable of bearing fruit, will be able to tie over 4-5 leaves, subsequent inflorescences appear after every second leaf.The difference between this variety is that ripening occurs very early, and the amount of harvest is numerous.
Let's talk a little about the most popular standard tomato varieties:
-Betta- the harvest can be harvested already in the third month after the first shoots, this is the peculiarity of the tomato. The bush is attractively low, only about 50 cm, the amount of harvest from each bush reaches almost three kilograms, but the tomatoes themselves do not exceed 60 grams in weight;
-Rose of Wind- the value and attractiveness of this variety consists in increased cold resistance, growth is also small, no more than 50 cm, we collect the first harvest three months after germination, in this case, the weight of the fruits reaches 130 grams;
-Polar-the variety is superdeterminate, the bushes are of very dwarf growth, do not exceed 30 cm, however, the weight of the fruits does not visually correspond to the growth of the plant, but is attractive for the gardener, is about 0.150 kg. Due to its compactness, even in a small area, a decent harvest can be grown.
When growing determinant varieties of tomatoes on your site, you must follow the planting scheme. The distance between each bush is at least 50 cm, and between the rows we keep a distance of one meter. Such measures save the plant from damage by strong winds.
Growing in the open field is preferred by residents of middle and southern climatic conditions. Under these conditions, the street method is less costly in material and power matters, less effort is made to care, there is no need to install additional greenhouses and greenhouses. In the northern latitudes, on the contrary, it is more profitable to grow tomatoes strictly in a greenhouse, there are more chances not to lose crops when the temperature drops, or in constant cool weather.
Determinant varieties will be divided into subspecies:
-Superdeterminant-inflorescences are tied already over 8 leaves, a solid brush is formed, after the appearance of the third brush, the plant stops growing, respectively, all the forces and nutrition of the bush are directed to the ripening of the fruits. As a result, tomatoes ripen almost simultaneously, which is very beneficial for any gardener;
-simply determinant tomato varieties - the process of formation and onset of ripening is longer, the set of inflorescences begins only above 8-9 leaves, forms a plant with about 6 brushes. Gardeners will use artificial pinching to increase yields, and the bush will be formed into two shoots. The very peak of full-fledged ripening of the crop occurs much later;
-Semi-determinant varieties - the characteristic of such varieties consists in harvesting almost the entire vegetative period. This happens due to the later date of the inflorescence set, only above 9-12 leaves and the bush forms up to 6 shoots on the side. The number of fruiting brushes is about 13-14 pieces.
The choice of a variety for growing on your site depends on the purposes for which exactly you will grow tomatoes:
-you prefer to grow your crop for canning, then stop at the representatives of yellow and red varieties. Their flesh is quite hard, the skin is very dense, it can withstand heat treatment, and the sizes of the fruits are very attractive, small and compact, they can easily fit in any jar;
-Rose varieties of tomatoes, due to their excellent taste, are perfect for preparing fresh salads, complement your summer diet with healthy and tasty food;
-Do you like to cook juices, sauces, ketchup, homemade tomato paste on your own? For such purposes, it is necessary to use large-fruited varieties, they differ in the greatest amount of juice and tasty pulp.
According to the method of growing tomatoes, two types can be distinguished, seedling and non-seedling method. In the first version, tomato seeds are sown in greenhouse or greenhouse conditions, you can just a film, uncomplicated shelter that can protect plants from adverse weather conditions: stable, or return frosts,the lighting is very weak, there is no natural watering. Already when 1-2 leaves appear, tomato seedlings dive, distributing the bushes at a sufficient distance, with this scheme a strong, solid root system is formed.
Take note of a few important points!
-Would you like to get an earlier harvest - seeds for seedlings must be sown in the second half of February;
- tomatoes are transplanted into open ground at the age of seedlings of 50-60 days, it is advisable to be sure that frosts will not return. If in doubt, build a temporary shelter;
- do not be afraid if, after transplanting seedlings, growth and development have stopped a little. Seedlings, in any case, experience some stress during transplantation, therefore, adaptation to new conditions takes about two weeks. You should not be afraid of such a slowdown, but it is necessary to look after the seedlings;
- during adaptation, you can feed the tomato with organic matter and chemical fertilizers, the habituation process is much easier with such care.
Choosing cultivation in a seedless way, you will notice that the root system develops more rapidly and becomes thoroughly strong, not only in length, but also the lateral shoots become powerful enough. Thanks to this strength of the root, the plant is completely provided with moisture. Watering tomatoes is required only in stagnant drought. In this type of tomato planting, the seeds are sown in the ground from late April to mid-May. Stop the choice of the variety at early, early ripening, preferably with a strong immunity to late blight. Fruiting is slightly delayed, about two weeks. A plus with this method is considered to be harvesting until the very frost.
We list the most popular determinant tomato varieties for a seedless planting method:
-Vologda fruitful- a fairly tall plant, shoots are formed up to one meter in height, a garter is simply necessary here. Red, rich fruit color and excellent taste, the flesh is very fleshy. The use of fruits is universal, it can be used in any direction: salads, conservation, heat treatment. Each tomato reaches 400 grams in weight. The harvest ripens almost simultaneously;
-Iceberg- the period of fruit ripening in this variety, from germination to full formation, is about three months. The plant grows almost 80 cm and requires a mandatory garter, regular pinching, the formation of no more than two shoots. Considering the valuable qualities of the variety, it should be noted that it is strong resistance to sharp climatic changes, increased productivity is also a plus, the weight of the fruit reaches 200 grams. It is recommended to use it fresh, for salad, as well as for making juice, since the pulp is very juicy and the taste is high;
—Explosion- early ripening variety, tomato, representative of determinant varieties. A little more than three months pass from the first germination to harvest. Fruit weight up to 150 grams, tomatoes are red, the shape is very funny, round, slightly flat, the pulp is juicy, fleshy, sweet in taste. The peculiarity of the variety is its versatility. Good immunity to late blight and various popular diseases, good adaptation to changes in air temperature;
-Apples in the snow-early ripe variety, determinant, until full ripening no more than 3.5 months, red fruits with dense skin, purposeful use-canning, low fruit weight, about 70 grams, allow you to put enough tomatoes even in a small jar to get a delicious treat.
Greenhouse conditions and the best varieties for greenhouses.
The generally accepted opinion is that early maturing determinant tomato varieties are preferable and profitable to grow, mainly in greenhouses, greenhouses, in those areas where climatic conditions are changeable, the air temperature is unacceptably low for such varieties.The bush is formed by no more than two main shoots, removing all excess greens. The top of the plant must be pinched, but after the formation of several developed brushes with fruits. Thanks to such actions, the conditions for high-quality, full ripening of tomatoes become the most favorable, comfortable, and you get 100% yield. The compactness of the bush allows you to grow and harvest a large crop in a fairly small area, almost 10 times higher than the amount taken when grown in the open field.
Next, we will highlight the most popular varieties of early determinant varieties, greenhouse cultivation.
-Bellovest... An early variety, hybrid, of determinant origin, grown mainly in a glass greenhouse. The plant is very tall, reaches almost 170 cm, up to 8 kilograms are harvested from each bush of the crop, the use of fruits is universal, in any direction of cooking.
-Friend... Another hybrid. Considering the characteristics, let's highlight the pluses. On each square meter, you can grow and collect almost 15 kilograms of delicious, aromatic, fleshy fruits. The plant is distinctively small, formed by one solid shoot, the top of the plant must be pinched after the formation of several inflorescences, the excess shoots in the axils are removed. Each fruit is no more than 100 grams, used for making delicious salads and canning. The tomato pulp is dense, light, high-quality transportation.
-Shedi Lady... A hybrid developed by Dutch breeders. With proper care in greenhouse conditions, you can grow and remove up to 8 kilograms of tomatoes from each square meter. Plant height does not exceed 70 cm, requires shaping, pinching and pinching the top of the bush. Each fruit cluster forms 4 tomatoes, each weighing up to 200 grams.
-Valentine. The variety is purposefully grown for canning, and the fruits are used without dividing into parts, only whole. Plum-shaped fruit, red, pronounced color, weighing up to 90 grams. It is recommended to remove stepchildren, the plant itself necessarily requires a garter to the support. The bush is compact, so up to 7 plants can easily be placed in one square place, the plant height is not higher than 70 cm. Up to 12 kilograms can be removed from a square meter.
Along with red tomatoes, gardeners grow yellow, early-maturing determinant varieties. In taste, they are not inferior to the classic red-fruited, and in canning they look very original. Agrotechnical methods of growing such tomatoes do not differ, and the usefulness of yellow tomatoes is recommended for children and the elderly, since the tomato contains a large amount of vitamin C, the amount of acids is moderate compared to red tomatoes. The composition contains a substance such as niacin, which strengthens the walls of blood vessels. The taste of the fruit is sweeter, again the least amount of acid affects.
We list, with a brief description, several of the most popular varieties of yellow tomato.
—Golden heart... Determinant early ripening variety, high yield, at least 5 kg from each bush. Tomatoes by weight not less than 200 grams, are split on a fruiting cluster in 6-7 pieces. The height of the plant is not higher than 1 meter, a garter is required for each shoot.
-Golden eggs... A determinant variety, a very compact bush, one might even say miniature, no higher than 40 centimeters. However, with this size, the weight of the fruit can reach 200 grams. Due to its compact stockiness, the bush does not require a garter, and there is no need for pinching, the formation takes place on its own. Developed immunity to various diseases. Phytophthora will not harm, since the crop ripens almost simultaneously, until the period of mass activity of the sore.
—Golden Andromeda. The plant is quite tall, about 70 centimeters in height, so a garter to the support is necessary.The color of the fruit is closer to orange hue, the mass is not less than 100 grams, the value is in the increased content of carotene. Each brush forms up to a dozen tomatoes. Three months after the appearance of the first shoots, a tasty, abundant, healthy crop can be removed.
-Yellow giant... The variety is large-fruited, for this reason alone, a garter is needed to avoid fragility of the branches. Slightly flat, rounded shape of the fruit, the mass reaches an incredible size of 700 grams, the plant itself is high, almost one and a half meters, it is desirable to form 2-3 main shoots and carry out pinching. For a little over three months, the tomato grows until fully ripe.
-Golden Bullet... The variety is not grown in large quantities, since the fruits are recommended mainly in dietary and baby food. Determinant, early ripe tomato. The tomato is plum-shaped, contains a complex of vitamins useful in every sense, plus 3% sugar and 4% e-carotene. Fruits no more than 50 grams, 6-8 pieces are located on each cluster. Fresh consumption is preferred.
The attractiveness of large-fruited early-ripening tomatoes can be emphasized. The fruits are very fleshy, they are used almost universally, for juice, canning and simply fresh, for preparing salads.
An important point! Due to the large fruits, such varieties cannot grow without a garter. Under their own weight, the fruits can hang strongly, while reaching the soil, where they can inevitably acquire fungal diseases. Above, it was said about the features of determinant varieties, inflorescences begin to form at a fairly close distance to the soil. Take care of the harvest. A few words about popular large-fruited varieties.
-Gina. A variety for open ground, height about 80 cm, fruit weight up to 350 grams, up to 10 kilograms of harvest can be removed from a square meter. Immunity is resistant to diseases, even to obsessive late blight. The density of the fruit is good, the elasticity of the skin is at a height, does not crack when ripe. However, the shelf life is short. Red, sweet-tasting fruits.
—Raspberry giant. The fruits of this variety have a slightly pink tint, the determinant origin of the tomato allows the fruits to reach 0.5 kilograms by weight. Good yield per square meter.
-El Dorado. The tomato is undersized, but the fruits are distinctively massive - almost 250 grams, in some cases even more. A garter is necessary, the fruits are heavy, branches can break, and the tomatoes themselves, under the weight, should not come into contact with the soil.
-Russian ditties. Tomato-author's creation. Fruits up to 400 grams, ribbing in the pulp is practically absent. Taste quality on top.
-Mirage... Sprawling bush, up to 70 centimeters high, grown in open field, fruit weight is almost 300 grams. You can also grow in a greenhouse if the weather conditions are stably cold.
The popularity of early ripening tomatoes is reaching great proportions. The use is almost everywhere, varietal qualities make such varieties very popular, especially in those climatic latitudes where short summers and prolonged autumn prevail.
Next, we will highlight the most popular varieties of greenhouse determinant varieties. Advertising on each bag of seeds purchased in the store screams about a large amount of harvest, which attracts the attention of those who want to get a high-quality harvest in a fairly short time. But only experience allows you to pay attention to information about the methods, conditions of growing tomato. Without reading the latter, you can get an unpleasant surprise. To avoid such a deplorable situation, always familiarize yourself with the cultivation technique of a particular variety, study all the subtleties in relation to your place of residence. The slightest nuances can rob you of the long-awaited harvest. When choosing determinant varieties for your site, read a little information:
-plants are tall, there is only one main stem, so pinching and garter are a prerequisite. If you do not pinch the top, the plant will be able to stretch up to 5 meters, as far as the height of the greenhouse will allow. Flowering begins earlier, after the formation of the 10th leaf. Further, inflorescences are formed every two leaves;
-the maturity of tomatoes of such varieties comes later, in comparison with other varieties. But this is also a plus, fruiting occurs for a longer period.
You can also emphasize the features that determinant varieties for greenhouses have:
- tomatoes of this type are quite fruitful, with proper care and adherence to agricultural technology, it is possible to collect up to 50 kilograms of tomatoes from one square meter;
- to achieve the best result, regular feeding, sufficient lighting and proper watering are necessary;
- due to their massiveness, the bushes require a mandatory garter, otherwise, the branches will simply break from the severity of the fruit;
-leave only one fruiting stem and regularly remove stepchildren. Only the right care and approach to cultivation will allow you to enjoy a large, tasty, and most importantly, high-quality harvest.
The best identifiable greenhouse varieties.
—Bull heart... The fruits are very fleshy, tasty, juicy, almost 700 grams by weight, the shape is comparable to the shape of the heart, hence the symbolic name;
—Octopus. Purposefully bred for greenhouse use. Immunity to diseases, increased yield. If the care is correct, fruiting continues throughout the year;
—Major... Sweet, pink fruit that tastes good. Shelf-life is long, tolerates transportation steadily;
—Cow's heart. Lettuce tomato variety, the fruits are delicious, juicy, sweet combination with a slight sourness in the taste;
—Mikado. An early maturing, identifiable variety with tasty, slightly sweet fruits;
—Abakan pink. An early variety, palatability is very popular, good yield;
—Pink Elephant. Pink tomatoes, almost 400 grams. The pulp is sugary, suitable for making salads and preserving;
-Lopatinskie... Bad weather conditions will not prevent you from getting a good and high-quality harvest. Use the delicious fruit in salads, and are grown for sale due to their good storage;
-Bourgeois and Cupid... Hybrid varieties. Increased immunity to disease, fruits are large enough, juicy pulp;
-Spring of the North, Doll... The tomato is sweet, pink, large-fruited. Storage at altitude, weather changes do not cause inconvenience;
-Dwarf, Alaska, Golden heart, Aurora, Sultan and many other popular varieties.
Tips for growing determinant greenhouse varieties:
- if you cut off the first few unripe fruits, the rest will begin to fill up with juice much faster, and will grow in weight almost twice as much. Perform this action on each fruiting brush;
-in the greenhouse, you can place varieties with different ripening periods, will allow you to enjoy the harvest for a fairly long period. The only thing is that it is necessary to correctly form each variety separately, to place the beds correctly, separately for each variety;
- if flowering is not as active as we would like, the lower ovaries can be removed, young shoots will begin to develop more actively;
-you can place a couple of buckets with rotted manure or just grass in the greenhouse. The air is filled with useful elements that the plant needs. Tomatoes, receiving such an airy additive, begin to actively develop, the fruits are larger.
Semi-determinant varieties are used less frequently. Plant growth is limited, but the crop can be harvested a couple of weeks earlier.
Common semi-determinant varieties.
-Eagle beak. Fruit weight is close to 800 grams, rich taste and good storage;
-Baron F1. An early hybrid, fruits at least 130 grams, red, tasty fruits.Resistant to diseases, easily tolerates changeable weather conditions;
-Gravity F1. An early variety with a bountiful harvest, aromatic tomatoes, up to 200 grams by weight.
As a conclusion to our article: the varietal variety for greenhouses and open ground is very diverse, undersized, medium and tall tomatoes have their own attractive features. The choice is yours.