Decorative pear: photo, description. Varieties, planting, care
The article presents a decorative pear: photo, description, characteristics, varieties, rules for planting, care, cultivation.
Against the background of many varieties of pears, the decorative curly pear stands apart. This unusual plant is used by landscape designers to decorate a garden plot. Many of its varieties have not only excellent decorative properties, but are also an excellent delicacy.
Decorative pear: variety description
Decorative pear Curly: photo of the variety
The homeland of the decorative pear is China. In order for this pear variety to take root in the regions of Russia, it is necessary to know and implement the rules for care.
A decorative curly pear needs a place with direct sunlight. In addition, it has a weak winter hardiness, so you should not try to grow it in the northern regions.
When choosing a plant, it should be borne in mind that varieties can be perennial and annual. Experienced gardeners choose the most popular from a variety of decorative Chinese pears - uyu, Beach_Hitt, Bradward.
Ornamental pear varieties differ in the color of the foliage, the size of the fruit, and the shape of the tree.
The decorative Chinese pear is distinguished by its medium height, conical shape of the crown. Outwardly, it is very attractive, with bright green foliage, the color of which changes to bright red in the fall. Charming large white flowers eventually turn into nondescript pears that have no nutritional value.
In the spring, the decorative pear produces many pale white large flowers, pleasantly fragrant. If you look at this plant detached from the entire garden composition, then it can be compared to a bouquet.
The fruits of the decorative curly pear are the exact opposite of flowers. The fruit is modest, small, dark brown. Moreover, its nutritional value is zero. It is not recommended to store or preserve such pears for consumption, as they have a bright taste of bitterness.
But still - pears are an excellent decorative decoration of the plant, especially after the foliage has fallen off. They can hang on a bare tree for a long time, bringing a bright zest to the autumn garden landscape.
Carved leaves give this plant a bright decorative effect, and thanks to its graceful crown, it will surely attract attention in parks, squares and in arbor arches.
Decorative pear: types and varieties
Let's talk about the varieties of pears used in the design of territories.
About Caliera Chantikler.
Decorative pear: photo
This Chinese variety of ornamental pear, which grows in forest and grove areas, on high river banks, is unusual in that it grows very quickly. In a year, she can add up to half a meter. Its conical crown shape can turn into a pyramidal one in a few years. The color of its shiny leaves changes from dark green to reddish yellow only in November.
The flowering of decorative pear begins almost simultaneously with the appearance of carved foliage, and sometimes even earlier. Pears are edible, but not tasty.
It must be remembered that a young pear has a very low frost resistance compared to an adult plant.
The peculiarity of this variety is that the growth of Caliera is not affected in any way by air pollution in cities, therefore it is often planted in urban conditions.
About Calleri Bradford.
Decorative pear: photo
This American variety of ornamental curly pear has very large sizes: the trunk can reach 9 meters in diameter, and the plant reaches 12 meters in height.
The symmetrical pyramidal crown has a fairly dense structure, and in general it can be called compact. In large oval glossy leaves, the color changes from deep green to orange-red by the autumn period.
Already at the end of the first spring month, this variety begins to bloom profusely with very beautiful large flowers.
The pears that have appeared are not suitable for food. The lifespan of this variety barely reaches 25 years.
About the Willow Pear.
Decorative curly pear: photo
The homeland of this variety in the wild is the Caucasus and Asia. Artificial cultivation of the willow curly pear is widespread. This variety is simply intended for growing in dense, moist and even salty soils. But with this seeming unpretentiousness, she cannot stand the cold wind and cannot live without bright light.
Her growth rate is very low. Over time, the crown takes the form of a spreading tent. Flowers appear in the last month of spring, large buds are collected in a shield.
Variety - with high frost and drought resistance. Due to the ability of the plant to feel great in gassed and dusty conditions, it is actively used in landscaping urban areas.
About Beach Hill.
Decorative pear: photo
The homeland of this variety is Asia Minor and Europe. Differs in a powerful structure of branches and a narrow pyramidal crown. The branches are simply covered with densely sitting large bright green leaves, which by autumn change their color to yellow and orange.
The beginning of flowering for this decorative curly pear is May. The plant is distinguished by large fragrant flowers, and the fruits are sour and unpleasant tart taste. The city with its gas pollution and dustiness does not bother Beach Hill at all, so it is just right to choose city parks and squares for planting it.
The ornamental pear plant does not have frost resistance, so it is better to choose southern regions for planting. The lifespan of the variety reaches 150 years.
How an ornamental pear is cultivated, seed selection
Ornamental pear seeds: photo
A decorative pear is grown in 3 ways: using cuttings, seeds and grafts. In addition, the willow pear lends itself to propagation with the help of root growth. Novice gardeners are skeptical about growing ornamental pears from seeds, but it's real!
The main thing in growing an ornamental pear from seeds is a competent choice and preparation of seed material. Saplings are grown even in an apartment, but subject to certain conditions.
Take a ripe fruit and take the seeds out of it. Next, the seeds of a decorative pear need to be poured with boiling water and rinsed, and then dried thoroughly. In winter, for storage, such decorative pear seeds should be packed in a bag and refrigerated until March.
Selection of soil and location, preparation of seed material
The next important step is how to choose the right soil and place for planting a decorative pear. The soil, as for many plants, is fertile. A decorative pear should not be planted in a swampy place, that is, where water stagnation is expected. The place for planting a decorative pear should be well lit and free of drafts. Light partial shade can be tolerated. The optimal choice of soil is sandy loam, in extreme cases - loamy.
As mentioned above, ornamental pear seeds are stored in the refrigerator until spring. After taking them out of the refrigerator, they must be kept at room temperature. Then they should be placed in warm water for 48 hours (it needs to be changed every day). On the third day, a growth stimulator is used.
In order for the seeds of the ornamental climbing pear to germinate better, it is necessary to carry out stratification. To do this, mix perlite, river sand, coconut substrate and moorish silt and put it in a pot container.This mixture should be moistened and the seeds should be placed on it. Then, cover it with polyethylene and put it in the refrigerator for about 2.5-3 months, constantly checking the humidity readings. If you miss the moisture, then the seeds can rot.
After germination of the seeds of an ornamental plant, pears are planted in a nutritious soil. They wait for the appearance of four pairs of leaves and dive.
Decorative pear: planting and care
Ornamental pears are planted in the same way as other fruit trees. The planting time for a one-year-old seedling is spring, before winter it will take root properly.
Fertile mixture and mineral additives are filled into the planting pit. Before planting a decorative pear, the roots are carefully examined. In case of various damages, they are removed. The roots are handled with care! After carefully backfilling the soil, you can set pegs to secure the tree. The last stage of planting is watering and mulching the trunk circle.
Caring for a decorative pear is standard, and consists in watering, pruning, feeding and loosening. For this culture, sprinkling is indispensable. For her, this is a very important and beloved procedure (especially for Ivolistnaya), to which she actively responds. Fertilization is carried out every three years, but with poor soil - every year.
The crown of a decorative pear is not always formed, it mostly happens naturally.
Sanitary pruning is essential in the spring and fall.
What pests and diseases can be affected by decorative curly pears
Disease resistance is characteristic of the curly ornamental pear. But still, to help persistent immunity, it is worth carrying out regular chemical treatments. This is a real protection against common hazards - black spot, curly foliage and fire blight.
- Because of fire blightcaused by microorganisms Enterobacteria_ceae, the foliage suffers, and accordingly the damage affects the decorativeness of the tree. The appearance of such a tree resembles the state after a fire. This disease is treated with preparations with copper, with the preliminary removal of all affected areas of the ornamental pear plant.
- On defeat brown spot the first thing that catches your eye is red spots (even on young leaves). After a while, the spots turn gray and then black. If left untreated, then the disease covers the entire green mass. The main causative agent of brown spotting is the Entomosporium fungus, which is activated in the spring and autumn. It is possible to get rid of it with the help of Topaz andFitosporin_M«.
- At foliage curl (a fairly rare disease) not a single leaf may remain on the ornamental pear tree. They thicken, curl and turn red-yellow. To protect the decorative pear, the diseased parts are immediately pruned and burned. For the prevention of curliness in early spring, before the appearance of buds, treatment with copper sulfate is necessary.
The decorative pear is actively used by landscape designers to decorate a garden plot. But in order to grow it beautiful and healthy, it is necessary to take into account both the subtleties of choosing a suitable variety and caring for a curly decorative pear.