Sweet cherry South
Cherry Yuzhnaya was created in the Caucasus region, at the Research Institute for the crossing of grapes, cherries and cherries. Nadezhnaya and Oliva were chosen as the main varieties for crossing. After the experiments and the emergence of a new variety of sweet cherry Yuzhnaya, it passed all the necessary tests, and after which it was included in the state register, which indicates its officiality.
Cherry Yuzhnaya: description of the variety and characteristics
Sweet cherry South can reach a height of 3 meters, it belongs to the type of trees of medium growth. When fully developed, the tree forms a crown of the correct rounded shape. The foliage is high and the branches are close to each other, so the tree will need to be pruned regularly to function well and produce high yields. One-year-old shoots have an interesting color, the main color is green, but the peculiarity lies in the silver tint, which is visible both in sunlight and in the evening. The buds, like most varieties, are conical, small in size and deviate slightly towards the trunk by a certain degree. The leaves resemble an elongated egg in shape, one of the edges is rounded and strongly elongated. There are also small cuts along the edge of the sheet. One side of the sheet is glossy and smooth, while on the other you can see a small fluff. White veins are strongly visible throughout the leaf. The foliage is medium in size and resembles a boat in shape.
When the flowering process begins, the South cherry tree is covered with a large number of flowers, they are large in size, white in color. The petals are freely arranged in the flower, so the flower seems voluminous and its airiness is felt. In the place of flowers, fruits are later formed, a larger number of berries are observed on bouquet branches.
Features of the variety
- Characteristics of the fruits.
The berries of the South cherry differ in their width, about 3.5 centimeters. They are large and dense, on average, the weight of one berry is about 9 grams. With good care and lighting, berries can reach up to 11 grams. The top of the berry is round, the funnel is large. The skin has a brown-burgundy color, and when fully ripe, the berry becomes almost black in color. The skin is dense, so the berries do not crack even with a large mass. The pulp inside is very juicy and fibrous, therefore it feels dense when eaten. Inside the pulp, a small, oval-shaped bone is observed, which is easily separated from the berry. The stalks, which join the berries, are long and thick, about 5 centimeters, due to their size, they are well attached to the fruit, therefore, in a strong wind or full maturity, the berries are kept on the tree until they are harvested.
To the taste, the berries of the South cherry are very pleasant, sweet, but a slight sourness is felt. In appearance and taste, gardeners and experts rate cherries at 9.9 points out of 10 points. This is a very high score for sweet cherries. Each fruit is not only tasty, but also healthy, as it contains 13% of vitamin C, 10% of useful microelements, as well as 9% of natural sugar., 19% of dry matter.
- Where to use the fruit?
The fruits of the South cherry can be used in various dishes, both fresh and frozen. Berries can be processed and preserved, such as jam, juice, wine, preserves.
- When to Harvest?
Cherry Yuzhnaya belongs to the late type of flowering and ripening, therefore the tree will bloom only at the end of April, and the harvest will ripen towards the end of June. The first harvest will be able to please the owner 4 years after planting in a permanent place.
The yield of the South cherry variety is irregular and depends on the favorableness of the year. In good years the harvest will be about 70 kilograms per cherry, but in bad years the harvest will be about 30-40 kilograms per tree.
Due to the fact that the variety is sterile, it needs pollinating neighbors who will fertilize the flowers. Otherwise, the harvest will be only 3% of all flowers, or it will not be at all. Absolutely any varieties that have the same flowering period as this variety can act as pollinators.
Sweet cherry South: advantages and disadvantages
Of the merits South cherry varieties can be distinguished:
- Pleasant taste and aroma of fruits.
- High yield during favorable seasons.
- High resistance to fungal diseases, so the gardener does not need to worry about it. The variety is also not affected by aphids and cherry flies.
- Large berries that retain their appearance until harvest.
Of the shortcomings The South cherry variety can be distinguished by the sterility of the tree and the irregular harvest.