Cherry Danna: description of the variety, photo, planting, cultivation
The article presents Dann's cherry: description of the variety, photos, features, cultivation, protection.
Cherry Danna: description of the variety, photos, key features
The Danna cherry variety was obtained as a result of pollination of two rather popular varieties - Zolotaya Loshitskaya and Leningradskaya Krasnaya. In himself, he absorbed, perhaps, the best parental qualities, becoming a completely unique plant. The originator of the variety is the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding, but the authors of the variety were B.L. Nikitin, G.G. Nikiforova, I.N. Zolotukhina and L.A. Dineka, who also owns the authorship of several well-known varieties with special characteristics and properties. The zoning of the variety began around 1999, but initially Dunn was intended for cultivation in the Central Chernozem District. Later, gardeners managed to determine that the variety can be remarkably adaptable in some other conditions and areas, which means that Danna can be planted even in those areas that were not originally intended for this cultivation at all.
The tree itself turns out to be medium-sized, the crown is pyramidal, medium-thickened, it looks quite solemn and interesting, especially during flowering. As for the shape, it can change - the gardener can carry out pruning and all activities, the tree calmly reacts to them and recovers on its own within a short time. The most important thing is to follow all the rules and conditions for pruning and care, so as not to cause any harm to the planting. The shoots are dark reddish in color, their thickness is medium, they can bend slightly. Since they are quite strong, even if a large number of fruits are formed on the tree, the shoots will support this weight. Fruiting mainly occurs on bouquet branches, it is quite abundant and looks great. The fruits are quite large, they ripen unevenly, so the gardener should take care to adjust all the dates for harvesting and reduce the risks of its loss. The large fruit size allows this variety to compete with many other plantings, which are considered among the most popular in the world.
Dunn's cherry is a fairly tall tree, reaching a height of five meters. The shoots are straight, thickened, very strong, capable of withstanding large volumes of harvest, which will certainly form if the gardener observes all the rules and regulations of agricultural technology. The crown is spherical, has medium thickening, looks quite solemn and attractive, indeed, during flowering, it attracts a lot of attention. The bark itself has a slightly brown color, but over time it can darken, peel off, which indicates that the tree is gradually maturing, and it is worth looking after it more carefully so that it bears fruit for as long as possible and pleases gardeners with its abundant and tasty harvest.
The leaves are elliptical, the tips are slightly pointed - in general, this is a fairly typical leaf form, which is found in both cherry and cherry crops, which are close relatives to each other. Flowers can be arranged singly, or there can be bouquets-inflorescences, which consist of three flowers.These are mainly flowers of the female type, which are colored in a light pinkish-cream shade. Basically, during flowering, the planting looks really incredibly attractive and attractive, the plant looks decorative, and the flowers themselves are very fragrant. Therefore, more experienced gardeners choose cherries not only in order to get a harvest, but also in order to decorate their backyard with such a delicate and wonderful tree.
The growing season is about 70 days. The fruits are large, the weight of one berry can be about seven grams, and in shape they are more reminiscent of slightly rounded hearts. The color of both the skin and the pulp is red, the juice also turns out to be red. Taste characteristics are rated quite high, tasters emphasize the sweet taste of the berries and the density of the pulp, which allows the fruit to be stored for a long time and to be transported over long distances. Berries also retain their integrity for a long time when harvested - another advantage for those who do not yet know how to fully realize their harvest. This variety is recommended for growing in temperate climates, mainly in the southern or central parts of Russia. But there are experienced gardeners who say that they managed to grow cherries in less stable areas, and the harvest was just as good in quality.
Cherry Danna: description of care, wintering features
Sweet cherry requires regular and fairly abundant watering, since this plant is generally not capable of tolerating droughts for a long time - this applies to absolutely any variety and any variety. In order to get juicy and very tasty fruits attractive in their characteristics, it is recommended to carry out abundant monthly watering, focusing on the weather and climatic conditions. This will also help prevent the berries from shedding ahead of time, which means that the gardener will be able to collect the maximum harvest and realize it in accordance with his interests and needs. If precipitation is not expected, then watering should be prescribed a little more often, the soil should not dry out, but it should not become waterlogged either. Otherwise, in the event of drought and waterlogging, the root system will suffer, which means that the entire planting will be in danger of death.
Dunn's cherry does not have a very high level of frost resistance, although there is a tree growing in favorable conditions for itself, then in this case it will be possible to achieve excellent results, and the planting will not freeze in extreme conditions. Moreover, usually frost resistance decreases not entirely in the entire tree, but in flower buds, which are directly responsible for the future formation of the crop and its abundance. If the winter time turned out to be frosty, and if return frosts came in the spring, then this can just lead to the fact that the flower buds freeze and, therefore, the harvest will be lost (or all of it, or some significant part of it).
Cherry Dana: fruiting, application
This variety is practically sterile, and without a pollinating plant, the cherry will not be able to bear fruit, or some fruits will be tied, but the harvest will be completely meager and completely not abundant. Pollinators for cherries can be varieties such as Rechitsa or Poetry, which have identical flowering periods, which means that pollination will occur at the most suitable moment. The flowering of the variety begins in mid-May, and in the second half of July, the gardener will be able to enjoy the first harvest of juicy and very tasty fruits. But it should be borne in mind that ripening is non-simultaneous and uneven, which means that the harvest will have to be harvested not in one, but in several approaches at once within ten days.
Fruiting begins around the fourth year after the planting has been sent outdoors. At first, the harvest cannot be called abundant - on average, a gardener collects about ten kilograms of fruits from one tree, no more, but over the years, the yield increases, just as the taste of the fruit increases. As a result, when the tree reaches the peak of its growth and development, then more than twenty kilograms of cherries can be harvested from it. Of course, in many ways, fruiting, its level and quality will mainly depend on how much effort and time the gardener has spent on complying with agrotechnical requirements and caring nuances. But we'll talk about this a little later in this article.
Dunn's cherry belongs to the table variety, and also the fruits have a universal purpose, as a rule, after removing the berries, they are excellent for fresh consumption, since they have excellent taste characteristics, and the pulp contains a large number of various vitamins and trace elements, which can be excellent affect the general condition and health of the person who will eat them. If the gardener has decided to carry out a longer storage of fruits, then it is recommended to send them to freeze, and also use them for making drinks, jams, juices and wine, jams and sauces, marmalade and sweets.
In each dish, cherries will perfectly reveal their taste characteristics and, most importantly, they go well with other berries and fruits, emphasizing the taste with their uniqueness. Also, cherries can be used for the preparation of liqueurs and tinctures, which have a positive effect on human health, immunity and metabolism. So cherries are really worthy of attention from gardeners precisely due to their many positive features and traits.
Cherry Dann: advantages, disadvantages
The variety has both its advantages and some disadvantages, which are worth mentioning. For example, if we talk about the advantages of the variety, then this is mainly an excellent level of yield (it becomes more and more abundant every year, and the quality of the fruits also improves); annual fruiting, which does not depend on external manifestations and factors; the early maturity of the variety, so that already in the middle of summer the gardener can enjoy wonderful and tasty cherry fruits from his own personal plot; delicious and very juicy fruits that have a universal purpose. In general, sweet cherries can be consumed fresh immediately after harvest, or they can be used in the form of preserves and jams, drinks, sauces, wine, juices and compotes, preparations for the winter.
But there are also disadvantages, which are also worth mentioning - first of all, it is the self-infertility of the variety. This means that before planting a tree, you should also take care of the selection of pollinating varieties that will have the same flowering time. Then the yield will be even better and more abundant. Of course, experience shows that some part of the fruit can be set without pollinators, but it will make up no more than 20 percent of the total harvest. So, nevertheless, for the sake of the future harvest, you should take care of organizing and caring for pollinators.
Dunn's cherry needs the gardener to comply with all the terms and rules for planting. So there are several basic conditions that must be considered if the gardener is guided not only by getting a beautiful flowering plant, but also at the same time getting an excellent tree with a very plentiful and regular harvest. Next, we will just tell you in more detail about the timing of experienced gardeners recommend planting a plant, how to select seedlings, plant them in open ground and give cherries future care.Fruiting occurs in the fifth or sixth year after the tree is in the open field. But here a lot will depend solely on whether all the conditions for growing the planting were maintained, as well as on how attentive the gardener himself was, if we talk about agrotechnical subtleties and features. We will talk about the rest further, in the next part of our article.
Of course, you should pay serious attention to where and in what area the sweet cherry will grow. Experienced gardeners say that for planting seedlings, it is recommended to select more even and elevated areas where enough sunlight will fall. In no case should you plant cherries in low areas, as rather cold fogs can fall there, and groundwater can come too close to the root system. Due to groundwater, the root system can freeze under constant moisture. As a result, putrefactive processes and fungal formations begin, which lead to the fact that the plantings become weaker, and as a result, they generally die. It is best to plant cherries in the southern or eastern parts of the garden plot, which will be perfectly illuminated by the sun, but protected from sudden gusts of wind and drafts.
There are also certain restrictions on which crops can be planted near cherries, and which should not be planted next to a tree, since such a neighborhood can cause great harm to it. For example, it should not be planted next to cherry pears and apple trees, since these crops are able to very actively draw out all useful trace elements and substances from the soil, and cherries will simply have nowhere to receive nourishment for development and growth. Also, it is not recommended to plant conifers next to cherry lindens and birches, as they are quite aggressive with respect to the soil mixture.
Dunn's cherry is generally considered one of the most fastidious crops in this regard - it does not tolerate nightshade and tobacco crops, blackberries, raspberries and gooseberries nearby, since they can have common pests, and the requirements for the soil are always high. As a result, crops begin to simply wear out the soil, and for this reason it will require regular renewal. And given that the above plants do not respond very well to transplantation, as a result, you will have to constantly update the soil in order to prevent the death of the plantings. But if we talk about what kind of neighborhood is suitable for cherries, then we can say that these are cherries and plums, as well as honeysuckle. They wonderfully coexist with cherries, they can even take an active part in pollination, due to which more fruits will be formed and, accordingly, the volume of the harvest will increase.
It is best to choose seedlings that have reached the age of two. The length of the root system should be at least 20-25 centimeters, since this length is already suitable for planting in open ground, and at the same time the plant will feel as comfortable as possible. In general, the roots should be healthy, they should not have visible mechanical or putrefactive damage, and the height of the seedlings should be about one meter, no less. In principle, you should always focus on the external characteristics of the planting material and on how the planting feels, so that the cherry will successfully take root in the future, adapt and show its full maximum growth and development. if the gardener notices any deformations or damage, then it is best for him to abandon the idea of planting this planting on his site, and opt for a healthier and stronger seedling. Before planting a seedling in open ground, it is recommended to keep it in a solution for several hours, which consists of water and a growth stimulator - Kornevin.Then the root system will be saturated with water and it will be easier to germinate after it is in the open field.
There is a certain algorithm for planting seedlings in open ground, following which even less experienced gardeners will be able to cope with this procedure and get excellent results. Planting should start with the fact that the gardener prepares in advance a suitable site for planting seedlings. The soil is also preliminarily prepared - it should be fertile, saturated with mineral and organic substances, it should not be too acidic and heavy. In order to lower the acidity, the gardener can add either ash or lime to the soil. You can also use dolomite flour for the same purposes, which also normalizes the acidity of the soil and slightly saturates it with the necessary components to make it easier for the seedling to adapt to new conditions. The soil is fed with superphosphate, humus and sulfuric potassium. You can also add a small amount of wood ash, which also has an excellent effect on the general condition of the soil and on future planting material. In general, at the initial stage, you should be very careful about fertilizing, since after that, for two years it will be possible not to add them to the soil at all.
The pit must be prepared in advance - its size is 70x70 centimeters. The depth should also be at least half a meter, but in general, the size of the pit should be guided by the size of the planting materials, because the seedling needs to feel comfortable in the pit, there should not be a small or very cramped space. In the very center of the pit, it is worth filling a little fertile soil, into which sulfur potassium and superphosphate are added in advance, which have an excellent effect on the immunity of the planting material and allow it to take root as soon as possible. A small mound is formed on which the seedling itself is located.
It is recommended that not one, but two gardeners take part in planting, so that one holds the seedling from above, while the second will straighten the root system and gradually pour soil onto it so that no air pockets form. The roots should be carefully and neatly straightened, they should not intertwine with each other, because this can negatively affect the general state of the planting, its health, longevity, increased growth and development. the pit is filled with water (it must be settled beforehand, at room temperature).
In no case should you use running cold water, as it can cause a shock reaction from the seedling. The root collar is gradually closed, leaving it at the level of the soil, slightly open. The soil should be slightly compacted, as air pockets should not be allowed to form - pathogenic bacteria can begin to develop in them. Around the seedling, it is worth pouring a mulching layer, which consists of peat or dry grass. Mulch performs several main functions: thanks to it, the trunk circle will be protected from attacks from pests, moisture will evaporate more slowly, and all the necessary heat will leave the soil even more slowly. So it's not worth saving your time on filling mulch. Thanks to it, weeds or third-party grasses will also not grow, which means that the trunk space will be clean and tidy.
If this is not a single, but a group planting of cherry trees, then the distance between them should be at least three meters, and about four meters should be left between the rows. Then the cherries will not interfere with each other to grow and develop correctly, they will not shade each other, and it will be much easier for the gardener himself to take care of the plantings, since he will have a place to take care of and to harvest. In order to get the maximum yield from a cherry tree, pollinators should be planted nearby.Pollination will occur due to gusts of wind and pollinating insects. In this case, the gardener will have more responsibilities for caring for the plantings, but the harvest will not be long in coming. Pollinator caring is usually an identical agricultural procedure, so that the gardener as a whole may not worry too much and combine caring activities.
Care, feeding, pruning
Of course, after planting, it is worth observing the follow-up care, because the well-being of the planting, its normal development and indicators of growth, fruiting and vital activity in general, will largely depend on it. Cherries need a gardener to provide them with enough moisture. Especially during flowering. Also, agricultural technology includes fertilizing, pruning the crown, digging the soil. Cherry can itself let the gardener understand that it needs additional watering and caring activities - for example, the soil around will actively dry out and crack, which just indicates that watering should be carried out in the very near future. But it is better not to bring it to this, since due to the drying out of the soil, the entire planting will suffer, and some shortcomings will begin that are directly related to fruiting.
When a sweet cherry is just planted in open ground, it needs nitrogen-containing components and additional fertilizing, since nitrogen takes a direct and active part in the growth and development of the shoot part of the plant. For this, urea is added to the soil. If the tree is already mature, then complex mineral fertilizers and fertilizers with a large amount of microelements can be applied. Mineral dressing should be combined with organic matter, and the main characters here are humus or compost, which the gardener can harvest on his own. Also, a small amount of ash must be added to the soil, since it contains potassium. And even earlier, we pointed out that thanks to ash, it is possible to regulate the acidity level, which means that planting will feel comfortable in soil with not the highest manifestation of an acidic background. This is a recommendation in agricultural technology of absolutely any cherry variety, which must be followed in order to obtain an excellent and abundant, high-quality and regular harvest. There is one more piece of advice from experienced gardeners. It consists in the fact that the crown must be formed without fail. This is necessary not only to maintain the health of the planting, but also to give it a neat and decorative appearance. Another advantage of sweet cherry is that it reacts absolutely normally to formation, and that it can recover on its own after this procedure.
Pruning is another necessary condition and activity in the framework of agricultural technology and planting care. After the winter period ends, the gardener is obliged to remove all branches that are frozen or damaged, weakened after such a harsh period - this type of pruning is called sanitary. After it is completed, the cut sites are processed with copper sulfate, and then smeared with garden varnish so that infection does not get into these vulnerable areas and infections do not begin. For the winter, planting can, in principle, not be covered, as cherries calmly endure this period. But the trunk is best protected, first of all from pests and rodents, which are not at all opposed to eating bark. Young seedlings are also covered for the winter. Around November, it is worth mulching the roots to protect them from pests and from severe soil freezing. The trunk is covered with materials such as lutrasil, sponband, or you can simply use spruce branches that will allow enough oxygen to pass through, and at the same time can also reliably protect young seedlings from adverse manifestations from the outside.
Cherry Danna: protection against diseases, pests
Sweet cherry is quite resistant to moniliosis and coccomycosis - perhaps the most dangerous fungal diseases that can affect cherry and sweet cherry crops. But still, the gardener must provide additional support to the plantings so that they do not definitely get infected with dangerous infections. The same can be said about pests that periodically attack plantings - if the gardener monitors them and provides the necessary support, then the result can be an excellent planting that will grow well even in not the most favorable conditions. In general, it is possible to carry out various preventive treatments of the plantings to make it easier to regulate their general condition and to ensure that the pests do not even begin to spread over the plantings.
Of course, I would like to devote a separate part of the article to what diseases and pests can be dangerous for planting, and what methods exist to combat and prevent these diseases and harmful attacks. It is very important to comply with all the conditions and rules, since this increases the chances not only of saving the plant, but also of strengthening its immune system, strengthening stress resistance in very unstable conditions and conditions. Next, we will describe some of the dangerous manifestations, so that it would be easier for any gardener, especially a beginner, to identify them and start a timely fight.
Hole spotting - manifests itself in the fact that foreign spots are gradually formed on the leaves, painted in a brown or reddish-brick shade. Then holes appear in place of the spots. The shoots begin to crack, gum seeps out of them, which also suggests that some negative changes are taking place with the planting, and measures must be taken immediately to combat the hole spot. Usually all diseased shoots are immediately cut from the tree and burned outside the infield. The near-trunk circle is carefully dug, it, the trunk and the tree must be sprayed entirely with a 3% Bordeaux mixture solution. If necessary, this procedure can be repeated, but it is worth focusing on the general state of the planting.
Moniliosis (in other words, this disease is called gray rot) - usually the disease is formed at very high air humidity, because it is this microclimate that is considered very favorable for the development of various fungal diseases. Spots also begin to form on the leaves, which gradually affect the fruits themselves. To get rid of moniliosis, it is necessary to cut off all damaged branches with the capture of healthy parts that may have already been infected, but the infection has not yet manifested itself. The tree should be sprayed with special preparations belonging to the fungicidal group - these are Azocene, Topsin, Horus, which are sold in specialized stores for gardeners, as well as in nurseries where the seedlings themselves are purchased.
Of the pests, the so-called cherry slimy sawfly is very dangerous - these are pests in the form of larvae, which in their external characteristics more resemble typical slugs. They actively feed on leaves, leaving bare skeletons in their place. In order to carry out preventive wood treatment, you can use such a method as a thorough digging of the trunk circle. But the larva, if they have already appeared, can be destroyed if the plant is sprayed with drugs such as Aktara and Confidor. Experienced gardeners say that folk remedies are no less effective in this case - for example, a tincture based on chamomile or ash, which is on any site.
The cherry weevil (trubovert) is a beetle that has a very long proboscis. Basically, he survives the winter in the soil, but in the spring he moves to the tree, begins to gnaw through the branches and leaves, then moves to the formed fruits.As a result, cherries are almost massively crumbled, which means that the entire harvest is lost as well. To get rid of the cherry weevil, it is worth digging up the soil with the onset of autumn, setting traps. You can also treat the planting and soil with Inta-vir or Fufanon, which are considered inexpensive and, at the same time, very effective drugs in the fight against garden pests.
There is also such a pest as black aphid. These are small, small bugs that mainly settle on the lower part of the leaves, causing them to deform, dry out and massively shatter. In order to strike at the aphids, it is necessary to destroy all ants in the area. You can also use some folk recipes. For example, aphids react very negatively to pungent odors, which means, ideally, it is worth treating plantings with the help of tinctures on garlic or tobacco, ammonia. You can also dust the trees with tobacco dust. But if we talk about professional tools, then this is a drug called Fitoverm, which can be purchased at any gardening store or in nurseries where the seedlings themselves are sold.
In conclusion, I would like to say that Dunn's cherries are magnificent plantings that really deserve attention from gardeners. Planting does not cause any difficulties, but the result can exceed all even the most daring expectations. With all this, cherries have a high level of immunity and stress resistance, they are not afraid of diseases and pests.