Dagestan early sweet cherry
Dagestan early sweet cherry appeared thanks to the works of the scientist-breeder A.S. Pokrovskaya, which crossed varieties such as April black and Napoleon black. This cell was included in the state register for the North Caucasus region in 1965. Let's consider in more detail the Dagestan early sweet cherry variety.
Dagestan early sweet cherry: description of the variety
Dagestan early sweet cherry: photo of the variety
The tree of the Dagestan early cherry variety has an average height, about 4.5 meters in height. And also has a widely spreading round crown with dense foliage. The one year old shoot is endowed with medium thickness and natural green tint. Growth and generative buds have an average size, and are located at an angle to the shoot. The generative kidney has an elongated ball-like shape, while the growth kidney has a pointed, elongated shape. The leaf plates of such a tree are also endowed with an average size, an elongated pointed shape, with a sufficiently elongated upper part and an oval-shaped base. In length, these leaves can reach 13 centimeters, and in width - 5.5 centimeters, plus there are notches along the edges of such leaf plates. The leaves of the Dagestanskaya early cherry variety are endowed with a pale green color, the inner and outer surfaces of a smooth structure. It is also worth noting that the leaves are slightly curved. Each such leaflet has two large and red glands symmetrically located near the base on the petiole. The petiole has an average length, on average, up to 20-30 millimeters, and an average thickness, about 20 millimeters, as well as a lilac-red hue. The flowers of this variety are medium-sized and snow-white in color. The petals of the flowers are round and medium-concave. Inflorescences are umbellate and consist of 2-4 flowers. The corolla is round and the petals are opposite each other. In anthers and stigmas of pistils, the surface is endowed with a spherical shape, and a pistil protrudes above such a surface, and it is worth noting that the stamens are up to 6 millimeters long, and the pistil can reach a length of 8 millimeters. The process of flowering and fruiting occurs near the base of the shoots, which are one year old, or on bouquet branches.
Dagestan early sweet cherry: characteristics of fruits
The fruits of the Dagestanskaya early cherry variety have a round shape, with a slightly elongated upper part, the groove of the abdominal suture is very small, but noticeable, and the berries are also endowed with a dark burgundy hue. The funnel has a flat shape that is elongated in one direction. A single such fruit can reach a mass of 6 grams. The inside of the berries is quite juicy and tender, has a red color, like the juice. According to its taste characteristics, the fruit is rather sweet, has an average level of acidity. When tasting, the fruits of this subspecies received an assessment of 4.9 points. These berries contain substances such as: ascorbic acid - 4.4 milligrams per 100 grams of product, acids - 0.43 percent, sugar - 8.72 percent, dry matter - 10.4 percent. These fruits keep up to 3-4 days. In terms of transportability, the fruits of the Dagestanskaya early cherry variety have an average indicator. In general, these fruits have excellent external data and a high index of taste characteristics. The peduncle of this subspecies is endowed with an average length, about 3-4 centimeters, and about 20 millimeters thick. It is rather weakly attached to the berry, which, in turn, makes this subspecies possible for mechanized harvesting.With regards to the cracking of fruits in the wet season, this index is average, about 18.5 percent. These fruits have a round bone and rather pronounced grooves. And also this bone has a smooth surface and an oval shape, and its upper part is concave inward, while its base is elongated with a beak. This seed has an average weight of 0.3 grams, which, if we take into account the entire weight of the fruit, is 4.6 percent of the total weight of the berry. The abdominal suture is of medium width. It is also worth noting that this bone has the peculiarity of separating quite well from the inside of the fetus. The Dagestanskaya early cherry variety has such a purpose as technical and dessert. These fruits are actively used for the preparation of various compotes and jams, which have high qualities.
Features of the variety
In general, we can say about the Dagestanskaya early sweet cherry variety: it has an early ripening period, the flowering period occurs from about mid to late April, and the ripening of fruits from the twenties of May to early June. The variety is partially self-fertile. The fruits of this variety ripen at the same time. The fruiting period begins in this subspecies 4-5 years after planting in an open space. The yield indicator is approximately 20 kilograms per plant, or 67 centners per hectare.
Dagestan early sweet cherry has a good level of hardiness to the cold of the winter season. Generative buds have a frost resistance of 91 percent. Spring frost tolerance is above average. Of the infections that most often affect this plant, a fungal disease is distinguished - moniliosis (1 percent). The Dagestanskaya early sweet cherry variety is considered relatively well resistant to drought, although rather long dry periods can harm the general condition of the tree, which, in turn, will lead to oppression and withering of the culture. This subspecies is suitable for intensive gardens. He is not picky about special pruning, a simple sanitary one is quite suitable for him. Dagestan early sweet cherry is good for watering and feeding.