How to process cherries
A rather important component of caring for cherries in the spring season is spraying them to protect them from many dangerous pests and fungi. It would seem that this is a familiar procedure for any gardener who cares about the health of their plants, but cherries are special in a sense. It cannot be called too whimsical plant. However, she has one interesting feature: she does not like when her branches are pruned. Therefore, its crown grows much stronger than that of any other tree. And what, if not a lush crown, best attracts thousands of small insect pests? That is why cherries need timely and thorough spraying. After all, otherwise it will inevitably fall ill and bring much less harvest than one would expect. So how do you treat cherries to prevent this from happening?
How to process cherries in the spring primarily
The first spring treatment of your plantings is the ultimate weapon against a variety of small animals.
First of all, it, of course, performs a preventive function, preventing hostile parasites from even approaching your cherry tree.
Secondly, the first spray prepares your plant for the fact that it may soon have to fight a really formidable enemy.
Before you start spraying, you should make sure that your area is ready for this. He must be cleaned and tidy. Last year's fallen leaves should be collected. Damaged and too old branches must be pruned. All collected bio-waste should be incinerated. Don't forget about fire safety.
If, after removing the branches, cracks appear on the tree, it does not hurt to cover them with garden pitch. If you are too lazy, you don't have to do all this, but in this case, you will have to fill everything uncleaned with chemistry. This will certainly not contribute to the health of your entire garden.
If you are interested in getting a bountiful and healthy harvest, you should do everything according to the instructions, and not as you please.
Choose a suitable time for spraying. The period between the establishment of stable sunny weather and the awakening of the first buds will be the best. Spraying early will simply not bring the desired result. And later it can even cause a chemical burn of the kidneys.
For the first treatment, a urea solution is most often used. To dilute it, you will need a bucket of water and 700 g of the drug itself. Everything is subject to processing: from the soil to the upper branches. A couple of days after treatment, it will be possible to additionally spray the garden with fungicides to protect it from harmful fungi. Bordeaux mixture, copper or iron vitriol are also suitable as preparations for the first spraying.
Important! Don't think of yourself as smarter than the professionals who have developed spraying techniques for years. Even if you have the idea that the cherry could be sprayed later, discard it. Spraying late can lead to much more negative consequences than you might think (up to the loss of half of the crop).
If you decide to use a drug such as Horus for the first spraying, many diseases immediately cease to be scary for you. These include coccomycosis and many different spots.
If you are worried that your tree will be "devoured" by pests, you should use a trapping belt. They are not expensive, but they are extremely effective. Insects have no chance of climbing up the trunk.Moreover, such belts are completely safe for the environment. They don't use any chemicals and no heavy substances.
How to treat cherries from diseases
If the first spraying was done according to all the instructions, correctly and efficiently, further spraying may not be necessary at all. However, you can never predict the need for a particular drug, so it is better to play it safe instead of finding suspicious spots on an unsprayed tree one morning.
How to treat cherries for moniliosis (gray rot)
It is not difficult to detect this disease. Rot - and rot is that the fruits begin to rot, acquire a cadaverous gray tint. However, the fruits are not the only thing that gets hit. Branches and leaves also dry up and soon die.
The only way to prevent this disease is to fight garden pests, sparing no effort. They are catalysts that help the disease develop and destroy cherries with incredible speed. To get rid of a disease that has already begun, you need to destroy all infected parts of the cherry, and spray the entire garden twice.
If you want to prevent the appearance of gray rot on the tree, you should spray it with one of the proposed preparations before flowering. This is iron or copper sulfate, oleocobrite, topsin-m or Bordeaux mixture.
After flowering, it is forbidden to use them, therefore they can be replaced by tseneb or kuprozan. Bordeaux mixture can be used both before and after flowering.
Important! Some of the drugs listed may or may not cause your cherry tree leaves to burn. So do not immediately get on the rampage: do a test spraying on one branch, and if there is no negative reaction, it will be possible to spray the entire tree.
Coccomycosis - fungus
Coccomycosis is a disease no less dangerous than gray rot. However, its symptoms are also evident. Small brown spots begin to appear on the leaves and fruits, which over time grow, unite and turn into one large spots that completely cover the leaves.
Soon after, the leaves fall off and the fruit becomes unusable. In order to prevent the onset of this disease, you need to spray three times.
The first time spraying is done with a Bordeaux mixture, when young leaves are just beginning to appear.
The second time the cherry tree is processed after flowering. For this spraying, both fast and topsin-m can be suitable.
For the third time, spraying is done after harvest. Copper oxychloride is perfect for him.
Clasterosporium disease (perforated spot)
Clasterosporium disease is not a pleasant disease: it can cause a lot of trouble for any gardener. Brown spots appear on the leaves of the cherry tree, which eventually darken, dry out and crack. Holes appear in place of the spots.
Moreover, the more humid and windy outside the weather, the greater the risk of infection. In addition, insects accelerate the development of the disease. Bordeaux mixture will serve as a method of preventing this disease. It is enough to do only two treatments: the first - immediately after the cherry blossoms, and the second - two weeks after the first.
If, during processing, severely affected branches are found, they will need to be immediately removed and burned.
How to process cherries from anthracnose
Anthroknosis, unlike other diseases listed earlier, does not affect the cherry tree foliage in any way. This disease acts directly on the fetus. Dark spots appear on the berries, which grow over time and turn into real tumors. Naturally, it is no longer possible to eat such berries.
It will take four times to process the tree to prevent this terrible disease. For the first time - in the spring, before flowering. For the fourth time - in two weeks.The remaining two sprays will need to be done after harvest to prevent disease from occurring in the next season.
For the first three sprays, drugs such as topaz or chorus are suitable. After harvesting, copper or iron sulfate should be used. Remember to follow the instructions.
The witch's broom is a rather unusual disease. It is fungal, but does not destroy the plant from the inside, as many others do. This disease provokes the rapid and uncontrolled growth of small shoots. The disease is not so terrible, because it is easy to prevent and get rid of the consequences. As a preventive measure, copper or iron sulfate is best suited.
How to process cherries from scab
This disease begins to develop in the early flowering period. In damp weather, the disease develops especially actively. It will not be easy to defeat an already begun disease, so it will be much easier to carry out preventive treatments.
In total, you have to do four:
The first is at the very beginning of spring.
The second is during the opening of the first buds.
The third is at the end of flowering.
Fourth - after the harvest.
If even the fourth spraying does not help, the fifth can be done, but this is an extremely urgent measure. Too much processing is also not good for the tree.
Features of diseases of felt cherry
Unlike tree cherries, felt cherries are not so susceptible to all kinds of diseases. However, this does not mean that she is not at all sick. The greatest inconvenience is caused by such fungal diseases as moniliosis and clotterosporia. Also, a lot of problems can be caused by various diseases of the bark and roots.
In addition, all kinds of insects and small animals pay special attention to the felt cherry. You already know how to get rid of fungal diseases, but protecting cherries from pests is not much more difficult.
It is enough to install fences and all kinds of traps. This will definitely discourage unwanted guests from your house.
How to treat pests from cherries
This is a rather important stage in protecting cherries from diseases, since who, if not insects, give gardeners the greatest amount of trouble. There is a possibility that by treating cherries to prevent various fungal diseases, you will already protect them from small creatures. However, do not rely on "maybe". Much better will learn methods of protection against flying and crawling and always know when to apply them.
Aphids are a real thorn in any gardener. Whatever you grow, aphids will definitely appear and want to eat it. This insect lays its eggs on young shoots. There they winter safely, and the next season they wake up and already have a huge tree under their noses for food.
The best way to prevent it is to destroy the overgrowth and take careful care of the tree. Also, substances such as infusions of onions, tobacco or dandelion help in the extermination of aphids. Also, if insects have already taken over the tree, you should use one of the many existing insecticides.
Spraying should be done 4-5 weeks before harvest. Then it will be too late, therefore it is not advisable to delay.
The larvae of this small parasite are quite dangerous and pose a considerable threat to your tree. If you give them free rein, they will leave only streaks of your leaves. For destruction, the timing must be correct. Usually the larvae wake up in July or August, so be sure to protect yourself from them in time.
This small beetle prefers buds among all parts of your cherry tree. If there are fruits on the tree, he can easily eat them too. The presence of this parasite is not difficult to notice. The cherry that he infected begins to fall off profusely, as its larvae devour the fruit from the inside.
In order to get rid of the beetle with one hundred percent guarantee, you can resort to loosening the soil and shaking the tree well during flowering. Also, various tinctures and folk remedies cope well with parasites. Do not forget about chemical methods.
Standard treatment should deal with insects, however, if it does not work, you should resort to additional spraying.
This insect is dangerous at any stage of its development: from larva to butterfly. They eat both buds and leaves. The way to prevent this disease is one of the simplest. It is enough just to remove all the debris from the site. If the mole is still started, you should resort to drugs such as Actra or Decis.
This small beetle causes damage to wood. If your tree has been weakened by some disease, you can safely wait for the appearance of this little parasite. The way to combat this insect is a banal adherence to agricultural technology.
Take proper care of the plant, monitor its health, and you may have to resort to using insecticides.
In addition to these five parasites, cherries have many more pests. However, the methods of dealing with all of them are quite similar, and it is a waste of time to describe in detail each type of bark beetle and leaf beetle.
The main thing is to thoroughly memorize the methods of dealing with these five insects, and you will already know how to act in any unforeseen situation.
The same applies to disease. Although there are countless numbers of them, some of them simply cannot be distinguished from each other. So all you have to do is follow the correct farming practices, love your plants, and follow the instructions.