Watermelon: how to grow it right. And their new best varieties.
Briefly about watermelon
Absolutely everyone knows that watermelon is a berry, and that it is very useful for the body. Indeed, in its juice and pulp there are a lot of substances useful for the body. It contains a lot of mineral salts, fiber, pectin and lycopene, which gives its pulp its bright red color.
And also calcium, copper, magnesium, iron and other elements necessary for a person.
Watermelon: the most popular new varieties with a description
The most popular new varieties of watermelons: Azhur Sweet F1 - mid-season hybrid variety. Watermelons of this variety are round, growing in weight up to 8 kg, with a not too thick crust, and scarlet juicy, sweet pulp.
Erofey - has an average ripening period, fruits weighing up to 6 kg. Its pulp is dark pink, firm and juicy.
Star - also has an average ripening period. Fruits are cylindrical in shape, weighing up to 12 kg.
Uchkuduk is a medium-ripening variety, round-shaped fruits. It grows in mass up to 6 kg, has a pink, juicy pulp.
Peasant F1 is an early ripe hybrid that produces fruits up to 4 kg. Its flesh is reddish, juicy and very sweet.
Joy F1 is an early maturing variety, round in shape. Fruit weight up to 3 kg. The pulp is pink in color, very soft and juicy.
Suga Baby is an early ripe variety weighing only up to 2 kg. Its pulp is bright red, soft and juicy.
American F1 is a mid-season variety weighing up to 5 kg, the flesh is scarlet, soft and very sweet.
A barrel of honey is a medium early variety that grows up to 3 kg. It has a pinkish, sweet, firm flesh.
Heather honey F1 is an early ripe hybrid, round in shape and weighing up to 7 kg. The pulp is dark red, crumbly and very sweet.
Volgogradets KRS 90 is an early ripe variety that grows up to 8 kg, with a thick crust and scarlet sweet pulp.
Delicacy F1 is an early ripening variety. The mass reaches 4 kg, with a scarlet pulp in which there is a lot of juice.
The F1 green torpedo is an early ripe hybrid with a fruit weight of up to 6 kg. Its shape is immediately clear from the name, it is cylindrical.
Carloson is a mid-season variety, weighing up to 7 kg, with scarlet pulp, in which there is a lot of sweet juice.
Growing methods growing instructions
Growing a watermelon is easy enough if you follow some rules. It can be planted both as seedlings and directly into open ground.
Initially, you need to prepare the seeds, they should be intensely dark, the color of the seeds means that they are well ripe. You need to put the seeds in a rag, and soak for a couple of days in a solution of potassium permanganate. After they hatch, you can plant it in the ground.
For seedlings: You need to take separate cups, pour soil with fertilizer into them and pour water over them. You need to plant 3-4 seeds in each glass to a depth of two cm. Cover with foil and put in a warm, dark place. You need to ventilate and water every day. After the seeds germinate, the film must be removed, and the seedlings must be placed on a window, where there is a lot of sunlight.
In open ground: First you need to prepare the ground. Dig up, remove all weeds and add humus. It is best to plant watermelons where potatoes or tomatoes used to grow. Watermelon seeds are sown in mid-May, when the ground has already warmed up. Dig a large hole and fill it with water, cover with humus and put 3-4 seeds in the hole no deeper than five cm. Remember to ventilate the garden every day. When the plants sprout from the ground, you need to remove the film and water the plants. After two leaves appear on each, leave one of the strongest in each hole, remove the rest.Watermelons need to be watered rarely and very abundantly. Top dressing should also be applied regularly, every two weeks. Fertilizers should not be applied directly to the plants, but at a distance from the roots.
Where and when to plant a watermelon
In order for watermelons to ripen well on one bush, there should be no more than five of them. The rest of the ovaries must be removed, and the side lashes must be cut off. Watermelons have a pest - this is a melon aphid, to combat it, you need to water the plant with intavir or a spark, the main thing is not to do this during flowering and ovary. And there are diseases and rot, to combat them, remove the damaged fruit, and pour the bush itself with Kuprosat. The main thing is to do it right away, otherwise the plant may die in just a couple of days. They begin to collect fruits no earlier than mid-August, the ripening of the watermelon is determined by the tail of the stem, if it is dry, it means that the watermelon is ripe.
You need to plant a watermelon in a place well-lit by the sun, where there is no dampness. Preferably in a high bed. There should be nothing nearby that can create a shadow. Rare, strong watering and applied fertilizers will contribute to the quality of the watermelon fruit.
It is fashionable to collect seeds for the next plantings on your own. You need to take the largest fruit, the main thing is that it ripens well. Pull the seeds out of it, the darkest ones. They should be almost black in color, rinse under running water, dry in a dark place where there is not a big draft. After that, store in the same way in the dark, the germination of such seeds lasts up to five years.