Apricot tree: important planting nuances and care rules
For people living in the northern part, it is worth planting an apricot in the spring, before the budding begins. Those who live in the southern part are recommended to plant an apricot in the fall, here it will have time to put out its roots before the onset of the first cold weather. It is better for people living in central Russia to plant an apricot tree in spring in April or in autumn in October. When planting, keep in mind that this tree loves a wide area with a lot of light, and it should be located on a hill. The apricot tree, like the plum tree, has a negative attitude towards acidic soil. At high acidity of the soil, liming is carried out. This crop grows well in light clay soil.
How to plant an apricot tree
To plant an apricot tree, it is necessary to prepare a trench in the fall. The size of the trench should be seventy to eighty to eighty cm. When preparing the pit, do not forget to take into account the size of the root system of the seedling. After planting the seedling, he will need to make a support in the form of a peg. The peg should be about sixty centimeters long. A drainage layer must be laid at the bottom of the pit. We make it from five kilograms of fertile soil, four hundred grams of superphosphate and one and a half kilograms of wood ash. This mixture will need to be laid in a prepared trench and make a small slide out of it. Then, when the soil settles a little, we proceed to planting the seedling. Use young material for planting. Such seedlings will take root much better in a new place.
Try to buy seedlings only in special stores or in nurseries. Do not take seedlings with dry and slightly frozen roots. These plants will not take root in your new place. The cultivar will not have thorns, a thorn will be present at the base, and the existing annual shoots will already be thickened.
Then we move on to planting, I remind you that the trench must be prepared in the fall.
Apricot tree: choosing a place for a seedling
In the spring, we dig a hole corresponding to the roots of the seedling. We check for the presence of bad and dry roots in the seedling, if there are any, then we remove them. Before planting, it is necessary to dip the roots of the seedling in a mash made from clay. This will serve as a good stimulation for the roots.
To enhance the properties of the talker, you need to add a little mullein. Position the apricot in the hole so that the neck of the root is five centimeters higher. Then you need to compact the soil and water it with water. After the water is absorbed into the soil, you will need to tie the plant to a peg.
Planting in autumn is almost the same as in spring, but the difference is that the trench will need to be prepared twenty days before planting the seedling itself. To stimulate the roots here, use a thicker clay mash. The apricot tree should be planted at a distance of four meters from the rest of the trees, because it has very large roots.
Apricot care rules
A corrective haircut is usually done in the spring, it is in the spring that the apricot will take it well. This procedure removes bad, frozen and dried twigs. At the beginning of the skeletal branches, you will need to spread a solution of lime. If necessary, you can feed the apricot tree with a solution of urea. This will help to recruit the missing valuable substances and provide prevention from disease.
Urea is added when the buds on the tree are dormant. If the buds are not swollen, then add urea, and if they are already swollen, then it is not worth it, otherwise you can ruin your plant. It is necessary to spray with urea and the beginning of sap flow. As a prophylaxis against pests, you can use a remedy called "Healthy Garden". If the soil on which the apricot tree grows is depleted, then organic fertilizers can be applied.
Watering apricot trees, pruning and fertilizing
In the summer, the plant will need more water. We water for the last time in the month of May. In the summertime, the apricot tree will form twigs, which will later bear fruit for you. Also, if necessary, then prune the tree.
Watch the crown of the plant, too thick crown will make it difficult for you to harvest. In the summer, pests can attack. If, nevertheless, the pests attacked, then we carry out a professional treatment.
After the fruits ripen, you will need to start collecting them. We start collecting fruits from the lower branches. After harvesting all the crops from the tree, be sure to water it. In the fall, make a dignity. pruning. It includes cutting off weak and damaged branches during harvest. It is better to remove dried leaves from the tree, as well as remove the remaining plants and dig up the soil. In the autumn, it is necessary to do preventive treatment.
For preventive treatment, six hundred grams of urea dissolved in ten liters of water are used. Remember, if the buds on the tree are swollen, then this treatment should not be done.
To increase resistance to various painful microbes, treat the plant with copper sulfate or 1% Bordeaux mixture.
Boosting immunity in apricot tree
After the flowering process of the apricot tree., It is necessary to carry out preventive treatment. It can be done with a drug called Ridomil. Use a remedy called Horus as a prophylaxis against powdery mildew.
This treatment should be done about two weeks before the start of fruit collection. After dropping the leaves from the tree, we repeat the treatment again. It is necessary to feed the apricot tree during the growing season. In the spring, you need to bring in nitrogenous means. It is usually recommended to feed two times. Use manure, dung and potassium nitrate diluted in water as fertilizers.
In the spring, they bring in funds that are rich in trace elements. Phosphorus-containing formulations are introduced in July. By the beginning of autumn, you can add wood ash. The addition of chalk will help to improve its properties.
Manure is usually applied once every two years. One square meter needs 3 kg of organic fertilizers. Bird droppings are used together with compost. For one square meter, you need to apply two hundred and fifty grams of fertilizer.
Various types of apricot trees are grown in Russia.
The most popular varieties are the following:
Apricot variety "Triumph", very popular because it is very resistant to diseases and pests. Brings a lot of harvest. He is not afraid of frosts and temperature fluctuations. Its pollination is done independently. Bears fruit already from the third year of life.
Apricot variety "Iceberg", grows very tall. The highest height he can reach is three meters. Its flowering period is very plentiful, but it bears little fruit. The yield of this variety can be attributed to the average.
Apricot variety "Alyosha"It is an early variety that bears fruit in the last month of summer. The crown of this tree variety is very massive, and when it begins to bloom it pleases with large flowers, the fruits of this variety are tasty and juicy.
Apricot variety «Countess», this grade also belongs to high grades. It can grow up to five point eight meters in height. The fruits of this variety are large and slightly elongated, light in color. They usually ripen in September and taste a little sour.
Apricot variety «Favorite», in height it grows no more than three meters. Brings large, sweet berries. Fruits ripen in September.
So, we looked at the correct planting and caring for an apricot. This plant requires watering, weeding and timely fertilization and dressing. When a plant is in bloom, pay special attention to this plant!